FREE NEDP Critical Thinking Questions and Answers

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The judge thinks that a conspiracy between the credit card companies has not occurred. There are possible reasons for the judge to rule in favor of a settlement that have nothing to do with the judge’s own opinion on the case, like wanting to avoid further costs for both sides in an already long and expensive process. The text simply does not provide any information regarding the judge’s beliefs.

The judge thinks that a conspiracy between the credit card companies has not occurred.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The passage states that the text does not provide any information regarding the judge’s beliefs.

A recent study shows that regular exercise can improve cognitive function in older adults. Participants who engaged in aerobic activities three times a week for six months showed significant improvements in memory and executive function compared to those who did not exercise.

What is the main finding of the study?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The study found significant improvements in cognitive function for those who exercised regularly.

A new technology company has developed a smartphone with a unique feature: a built-in projector. The company claims this feature will revolutionize how people use their phones for work and entertainment. However, some experts are skeptical, arguing that the projector may drain the phone’s battery quickly and that there is little demand for such a feature.

What is the company’s main claim about its new smartphone?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The company claims the built-in projector will change how people use their phones.

A pharmaceutical company claims that its new drug can cure a common disease. However, an independent study found that the drug was no more effective than a placebo. The company argues that the study was flawed because it had a small sample size and a short duration.

Based on the passage, what is the status of the drug’s effectiveness?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The effectiveness of the drug is unclear due to conflicting claims between the company and the independent study.

A pharmaceutical company claims that its new drug can cure a common disease. However, an independent study found that the drug was no more effective than a placebo. The company argues that the study was flawed because it had a small sample size and a short duration.

What is the pharmaceutical company’s response to the independent study?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The company argues that the study’s results are invalid due to its methodological issues.

During a debate about climate change, one participant argued that recent cold winters disprove global warming. Another participant countered that global warming refers to long-term trends in average temperatures, not short-term weather events.

Which fallacy might the first participant be committing by using recent cold winters to argue against global warming?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The first participant is drawing a conclusion based on a small and unrepresentative sample of weather events.

A new technology company has developed a smartphone with a unique feature: a built-in projector. The company claims this feature will revolutionize how people use their phones for work and entertainment. However, some experts are skeptical, arguing that the projector may drain the phone’s battery quickly and that there is little demand for such a feature.

Why are some experts skeptical about the new smartphone feature?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Experts are concerned about battery life and demand for the feature.

During a debate about climate change, one participant argued that recent cold winters disprove global warming. Another participant countered that global warming refers to long-term trends in average temperatures, not short-term weather events.

What is the main point of the second participant’s argument?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The second participant clarifies that global warming is about long-term average temperature changes.

Many people believe that eating chocolate causes acne. However, scientific studies have shown no direct link between chocolate consumption and acne. Instead, factors such as genetics and hormone levels are more significant contributors to the development of acne.

Which of the following best supports the conclusion that chocolate does not cause acne?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This option directly supports the conclusion with scientific evidence.

A recent report indicates that urban areas with more green spaces have lower crime rates. Researchers believe that green spaces provide residents with areas to relax and socialize, which can reduce stress and promote a sense of community. Additionally, well-maintained green spaces can increase neighborhood pride and deter criminal activity.

What is the main finding of the report?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The report indicates a correlation between green spaces and lower crime rates.

A recent study shows that regular exercise can improve cognitive function in older adults. Participants who engaged in aerobic activities three times a week for six months showed significant improvements in memory and executive function compared to those who did not exercise.

Which group showed the most improvement in the study?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The passage specifically mentions improvements in those who did aerobic activities.

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