FREE NCTRC Test Question and Answers

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Except for, all of the following are the main objectives of play therapy with kids:

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Play therapy's main objective is not to evaluate family dynamics. The objectives include making contact with the child, studying their interactions and behavior while gathering data, and then extrapolating the child's behavior from those observations. For this kind of evaluation, the CTRS should select basic playthings that the child may use in a variety of ways, like blocks, paper, and crayons, dolls, automobiles, and clay. For the child, familiar toys may be comforting.

Assistive devices classed as durable medical equipment (DME) include

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Shower chairs, handrails, special cooking equipment, and ostomy and wound care supplies are examples of assistive devices. The most basic mobility aids include walkers, canes, and crutches. Wheelchairs, scooters, seat-lift cushions, and electric beds are examples of mobility aids. Apnea/sleep monitors, ventilators, parenteral/enteral nutrition pumps, infusion pumps, and specialist electronic/computer equipment for quadriplegia/paraplegia are examples of high-tech medical equipment. The purchase of durable medical equipment from a Medicare-participating supplier is mandated by Medicare regulations, which also stipulate that the device must be approved.

The following course of action should be taken if all shelters are filled and a client who is in need of assistance, is uninsured, has mental health problems, and has a three-day anticipated discharge date is added to the waiting list for a preferred shelter.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Even though the client might prefer a different shelter, the CTRS should put the client on a second waiting list right once to enhance the likelihood that they will be placed. An ethical dilemma arises when a client is released onto the streets; in this case, Social Services may be able to offer some alternatives. Whether or not to call each day will depend on the specific shelter and the CTRS's connection with the shelter's management. Even with Medicaid, moving the client to a higher level of care than they require is not a practical choice because they are both uninsured and impoverished.

Which of the following is the initial stage of a program evaluation?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Establishing a time period (formative or summative), choosing when to assess, and choosing who will do the evaluations are the initial steps in conducting a program evaluation. An important factor in evaluation design is the possibility of choosing or developing an evaluation instrument. To make decisions, data must be gathered, analyzed, and reported results. It's also important to take evaluation costs into account.

Which time of day are cognitively impaired individuals typically MOST susceptible to sensory overload?

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Explanation:
The afternoon, when cortisol levels are at their maximum, is when many people are most susceptible to sensory overload. People who are under stress or who have cognitive impairment are most frequently impacted by sensory overload. Excessive activity and loudness can agitate a person, exacerbate confusion, and lead to delirium. When there is insufficient environmental stimulation due to reduced sensory input from hearing or vision impairment, the inability to identify sensory information due to cognitive disability, or a dull setting, sensory deprivation occurs. Confusion, disorientation, and sadness can all be caused by sensory deprivation.

Which of the following is a key idea in Bandura's Social Learning Theory (1977, 2001)?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A key idea in Bandura's (1977, 2001) Social Learning Theory is role modeling, with mentorship as an illustration. The way a student perceives and interprets information can vary. This approach emphasizes how staff members' attitudes and actions affect students' learning results. According to Bandura, social learning is primarily an internal process that has four phases: the attentional phase, which involves paying attention to a role model, the retention phase, which involves processing information, the reproduction phase, which uses memory to direct imitation of the role model's actions, and the motivational phase (vicarious reinforcement and punishment).

In the event that a patient receives recreational therapy at home, documentation must show

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Due to the alleged excess costs associated with recreational, occupational, physical, and speech therapy, careful documentation is required. This documentation must include attainable goals, a doctor's order for therapy, and proof that the therapy was carried out under the direction of or under the supervision of a licensed therapist who undertook a thorough assessment and created a plan of care that specified the frequency and length of treatment. Additionally, the documentation must show that the therapy was medically necessary. For skilled nursing facilities, the same documentation requirements are applicable.

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