FREE Mortgage Loan Originator Prep Questions and Answers
Which of the following sums up blockbusting violations the best:
The practice which involves attempting to persuade homeowners to sell their homes due to concerns about changing racial or ethnic demographics in the neighborhood and potential declining property values, is known as "blockbusting."
How serious a crime is mortgage fraud:
Mortgage fraud is considered a serious violation of federal law and is typically classified as a felony. Felonies are more serious crimes that are generally punishable by significant fines, imprisonment for a year or more in a federal or state prison, or a combination of both.
What is accurate about the 1975 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act?
Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 (HMDA) has provisions related to combating discriminatory lending practices like redlining, its primary purpose is to provide the public and regulators with information about mortgage lending activities to identify potential instances of lending discrimination and ensure fair lending practices.
A real estate agent might take part in one of the following fraud schemes:
In a fraud strategy, using fake documentation to make fraudulent information seem authentic is valuable.
Which of the following sums up the offense known as steering the best:
This is carried out in residential areas for both buying and renting.
Which of the following groups of people is not protected by the Fair Housing Act but is by the Equal Credit Opportunity Act:
Some protected class concerns under ECOA differ from those covered under the Fair Housing Act since ECOA deals with the granting of credit. Marital status, whether the borrower receives or has received public assistance, and whether they have ever used their rights under the Consumer Credit Protection Act are all protected by the ECOA.
All of the following statements regarding the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) are true, with the exception of:
The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) does not require lending institutions to meet a specific quota of nontraditional loans in the areas where they conduct business. The CRA primarily focuses on encouraging lending institutions to meet the credit needs of their entire communities, particularly low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, and to prevent discriminatory practices like redlining.
What is wrong with the buyer providing a silent second to the seller?
In the event of a default and with the first lien holder being unaware of it, this increases the seller's risk.
Which of these is most likely to be a victim of illegal flipping:
The end buyer is typically the most likely victim of illegal flipping in real estate transactions.
Illegal flipping refers to fraudulent or deceptive practices where a property is purchased and then quickly resold at an inflated price without making substantial improvements or renovations. This can deceive the end buyer into purchasing a property at a much higher value than its actual worth. The end buyer may be unaware of the property's true condition, value, or history, and they could end up with a property that requires significant repairs or that is overpriced compared to the market.
Which of the following methods would allow an appraiser to most successfully inflate the value of the subject property in an appraisal:
Using inappropriate comparable properties (comps) is indeed one of the ways that an appraiser could attempt to inflate the value of the subject property in an appraisal. By selecting comps that are not truly comparable to the subject property or that are overvalued, an appraiser could manipulate the valuation process to artificially increase the appraised value.
Which of the following groups of persons is not protected by the Equal Credit Opportunity Act but is under the Fair Housing Act
Disability is one of the classes of people protected under the Fair Housing Act but not under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA).
Which of the following, if based on membership in a protected class, would be regarded as a violation of the Fair Housing Act:
Depending on the borrower's credentials, a lender might refuse to provide a loan or offer less favorable terms and conditions, but these distinctions could not be based on the borrower's membership in a protected class.
Which of the following measures addressed redlining and was approved by Congress in 1977:
The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) was indeed passed by the United States Congress in 1977 with the primary purpose of combating the practice of redlining.
Redlining is a discriminatory practice in which financial institutions, such as banks, deny or limit loans and other financial services to residents of certain neighborhoods based on their racial or ethnic composition. This practice often resulted in disinvestment and economic decline in predominantly minority communities.
How are loans classified when reports of all loans granted throughout the year are examined in compliance with the requirements of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975:
The property locations are a critical aspect of the data collected under HMDA. Lenders are required to provide information about the geographic location of the properties for which they originated loans. This information is used to analyze lending patterns, identify potential instances of discriminatory lending practices like redlining, and assess whether lending institutions are serving the housing needs of their communities fairly and equitably.
Which of the following phrases most accurately sums up mortgage fraud:
Mortgage fraud occurs when individuals or entities intentionally provide false information or engage in deceptive practices in order to obtain a mortgage loan or to influence the terms of a mortgage loan. This can include misrepresenting income, assets, employment history, property value, or other key aspects of the loan application.
Which two of the following best describes each type of fraud:
Both actual and constructive fraud involve deception, misrepresentation, or concealment of information that leads to harm or loss for another party. The distinction between the two lies in the intent behind the actions and the degree of care exercised by the party engaging in the fraudulent conduct. Legal consequences for fraud can vary based on the jurisdiction and the specific circumstances of the case.