FREE Psychiatric Medications Questions and Answers
A female patient with moderate dementia-related cognitive impairment would provide a health history, and the nurse would anticipate noting the following:
Increased reliance on the environment and social structure, increased psychological rigidity, and amplified prior attitudes and behaviors are characteristics of dementia-related mild cognitive impairment. There are some situations where a treatable illness or disease's side effects are the root cause of minor cognitive impairment. The majority of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are on the route to dementia, according to new findings from researchers. The MCI is regarded as the period that occurs between normal aging-related cognitive impairments and early-onset dementia.
When creating a care plan for a female client who had recently lost her sister in a vehicle accident and had acute stress disorder. What of the following would the nurse anticipate being the first to do?
To assist the client in integrating feelings and memories and to start the grieving process, the nurse would promote a progressive evaluation of the accident and its consequences. Reframe any negative attitudes that patients may have (such as the notions that they were weak for being so upset, that they acted badly and are bad people, that life is pointless, or that the world is completely unsafe).
The patient is not in the dining room for lunch, the nursing assistant informs nurse Philippe. Which of the following would Nurse Philippe instruct the nursing assistant to carry out?
In order to reduce manipulation, secondary gain, dependency, and reinforcement of negative conduct while maintaining the client's worth, the nurse directs the nursing assistant to invite the client to lunch and accompany him to the dining room. The best way for staff to deal with manipulative patients is to develop tough guidelines that are strictly adhered to and consistently applied by all members of the healthcare team. Regular updates on the patient's progress helps lessen worker isolation and annoyance as well as the patient's attempts to separate the staff.
Efraim was brought to the emergency room after receiving an amphetamine psychosis diagnosis. Which of the following medications would Nurse Philippe most likely get ready to administer?
To lessen agitation and psychotic symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations, and cognitive impairment, the nurse would get ready to give an amphetamine psychosis patient an antipsychotic drug like Haldol. A first-generation (typical) antipsychotic drug with widespread usage is haloperidol. Haloperidol has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of schizophrenia, Tourette syndrome (control of tics and vocal utterances in adults and children), hyperactivity (which may present as impulsivity, difficulty focusing, severe aggression, mood instability, and frustration intolerance), severe childhood behavioral issues (such as combative, explosive hyperexcitability), and intractable hiccups. It treats positive symptoms of schizophrenia such hallucinations and delusions, making it a typical antipsychotic.
During the shock phase of a grieving reaction, the initial nursing intervention for the important others should concentrate on:
This offers assistance up until the person's coping skills and network of personal support are become ineffective. Determine the patient's capacity for decision-making. A person's cognitive abilities, which are necessary for decision-making and problem-solving, may be hampered by grief. Know whether the patient has access to support systems. The patient might need assistance naming additional sources of support if the object of perceived loss serves as their primary source of support.
Which of the following liquids would nurse Kate give to a female patient who is high on phencyclidine (PCP) in order to speed up the drug's excretion?
PCP is more easily excreted when the environment is acidic. Cranberry juice will undoubtedly be administered by the nurse to the PCP-impaired client in order to hasten excretion and acidify the urine to a pH of 5.5. PCP starts to show symptoms at 0.05 mg/kg, and a dose of 20 mg or more can result in coma, death, and seizures. 10% of it is eliminated in the urine and 90% is processed primarily by the liver. The most common mode of administration, inhalation, and intravenous both cause effects in 2 to 5 minutes. Symptoms from oral ingestion appear within 30 to 60 minutes.
Hana's thoughts about her father's passing take up all of her conscious space. Hana should expect assistance from Nurse Matt during this period of sorrow, which is referred described as:
The process of getting over a loss is gradual, difficult, and ongoing until a nearly perfect mental picture of the deceased individual emerges. The person is concerned with their loss, idealizes the lost person or thing, and may even impersonate the deceased. The fixation eventually fades, usually after a year or possibly more.