FREE Medical Technologist MCQ Questions and Answers
Which of the following therapies can you currently perform at home?
Renal dialysis is required for 500,000 patients throughout Europe who have kidney failure. This usually entailed spending four to five hours at the hospital three days a week. Modern medical technology provides a more adaptable remedy. The patient has more convenience with home dialysis. Seven hundred thousand people in Europe have stomas, which are generated when part of the intestine is removed and replaced with an artificial opening in the belly.
It has a tremendous effect on the afflicted people's day-to-day lives. However, modern technology allows people to reclaim their independence and self-assurance. People with stomas can live independent, respectable lives with the help of ostomy bags, which are meant to be custom-fit, simple to use, pleasant, and unobtrusive.
What of the following is a medical technology?
Any technology utilized to save the lives of people with various illnesses is considered medical technology. Almost every sickness or ailment that affects us is already being diagnosed, tracked, and treated by medical technology in one way or another. Currently, more than 500,000 medical innovations are available, and they are all meant to enhance, lengthen, and improve people's lives. The positive effects on health, quality of life, and society run through all medical technology applications. All medical advancements help people live longer, healthier lives and allow them to stay active in culture for extended periods. By doing this, they raise the level of care provided and increase healthcare systems' effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability.
To avoid making direct contact with female patients, the stethoscope was invented.
Dr. René Theophile Laennec was humiliated in 1816 when he placed his ear against a woman's chest to hear her heartbeat. He rolled up some paper to create a tube that covered her modesty while allowing him to listen to her heart. A small bell-shaped tool with boxes was later developed to enable doctors to hear the heartbeat, and by the middle of the 19th century, a variant of the modern stethoscope had been developed.
is a division of the thoracic cavity; it contains the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus and trachea, and other structures. For clinical purposes it is traditionally divided into the anterior, middle, posterior, and superior regions.
The mediastinum is a division of the thoracic cavity located between the two pleural cavities that contain the lungs. It houses a variety of important structures, including the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus and trachea, major blood vessels, lymph nodes, and nerves. For clinical purposes, the mediastinum is traditionally divided into several regions to better understand its complex anatomy and the various structures it contains. These regions are often described as anterior, middle, posterior, and superior mediastinum, each with its own set of structures and functions.
Study of features observed with the use of a microscope.
The study of features observed with the use of a microscope is known as "Microscopic Anatomy." This branch of anatomy focuses on examining structures and tissues at a cellular and subcellular level that are not visible to the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy plays a crucial role in understanding the detailed organization, function, and relationships of cells and tissues within the body. It encompasses various techniques such as histology, which involves the preparation and examination of thin tissue sections under a microscope, and cytology, which focuses on the study of individual cells.
Toward the right of left away from the midline ex: arms are lateral to the chest
"Lateral" refers to a position or direction that is away from the midline of the body, towards the sides. In your example, when you say the arms are lateral to the chest, you mean that the arms are positioned to the sides of the chest, away from the center of the body. This term is commonly used in anatomical descriptions to indicate relative positioning and direction.
Dividing the body horizontally.
Dividing the body horizontally refers to the concept of using a plane to create sections or slices across the body in a direction that is perpendicular to the long axis of the body. This plane is known as the "Transverse Plane," also sometimes called the "horizontal plane" or "cross-sectional plane." The transverse plane divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions.
Divided into upper abdominal and lower pelvic
This large cavity is divided into two parts: the upper part is the "abdominal cavity," which contains organs such as the stomach, liver, intestines, and spleen, and the lower part is the "pelvic cavity," which contains structures like the reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum. The distinction between the abdominal and pelvic cavities is important for anatomical and medical purposes, as it helps to describe and locate various organs and structures within this region of the body.
Close to the attachment point Ex: The elbow is close to the shoulder.
The term you're looking for is "proximal." In anatomical terms, "proximal" refers to a location that is closer to the point of attachment or origin of a structure, typically in relation to a limb or an organ. In your example, if you say the elbow is close to the shoulder, you would be describing the elbow as being proximal to the shoulder. Conversely, "distal" is the term used to describe a location that is farther away from the point of attachment or origin.
Would a truck travel up to how many kilometers on the strength of your heart?
Your heart beats roughly 100,000 times daily, producing enough energy to propel a truck 32 kilometers. However, with 4 million individuals affected each year, heart disease is the number one killer in Europe. You run the danger of suffering a sudden cardiac arrest when your heart skips a beat. A device that keeps your heart's beat constant and delivers an electrical shock when your rhythm falters can be placed close to your heart to prevent this. Even the strongest heart can occasionally become weak due to valve failure. A few years ago, open heart surgery was the sole option for valve repair. Today, there is a less invasive option: a catheter can reach your heart with just a little incision. The replacement valve for the defective valve is inflated at the destination. The likelihood of having a heart attack or stroke rises when your arteries become constricted or obstructed. A tiny stent that expands the street exactly where the obstruction is can be put through a catheter to stop this from happening.
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections (Belly to Back) sections.
This plane divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections. It is perpendicular to both the sagittal and transverse planes and runs parallel to the forehead or crown of the head, hence the term "coronal." This type of division is particularly useful in anatomical descriptions and medical imaging to understand the front-to-back relationships of structures within the body.
What name is given to examinations that can identify infections, illnesses, or diseases?
Tests identifying diseases, disorders, or infections are known as "in vitro diagnostics." Other tests are for consumers to use at home. Some tests are utilized in laboratories or different settings involving healthcare professionals. At every level of a patient's care, IVDs are present in almost every healthcare environment. IVDs include blood glucose monitors, HIV tests, cancer screenings, and blood type identification tests.
Which nation employs the most individuals in the field of medical technology?
More than 650,000 people are working in the European medical technology sector. While the number of individuals engaged in the medical technology sector per capita is highest in Switzerland and Ireland, Germany has the highest absolute number of MedTech workers. This significant employment level demonstrates the importance of the medical technology sector to the European economy.
The area of the chest that lies between the neck and the diaphragm; divided into two pleural chambers and the mediastinum.
The area of the chest that lies between the neck and the diaphragm is indeed referred to as the "Thoracic Cavity." It is a hollow space within the human body that houses vital organs such as the heart, lungs, thymus gland, and portions of major blood vessels. The thoracic cavity is further divided into three main compartments: two pleural cavities and the mediastinum.
Nearer the front especially situated in the front of the body of nearer to the head.
"Anterior" is the term used to describe something that is nearer to the front, particularly when referring to the front of the body or closer to the head. It is often used in anatomical descriptions to indicate the relative positioning of structures or locations within the body. The opposite term is "posterior," which indicates something that is closer to the back or tail end of the body.
In vitro diagnostics (IVDs) directly treat patients.
IVDs are non-invasive tests that assess a person's health by analyzing biological samples (such as blood, urine, or tissues). IVDs offer insightful data on how the body operates. They don't deal with patients directly. They inform patients about their health status rather than directly affecting a patient's condition. They are employed in the detection, evaluation, identification, and monitoring of the therapeutic effects of diseases. By improving the accuracy and effectiveness of treatment, innovations in IVDs have been a crucial factor in reducing costs in healthcare systems. The range of IVDs is wide, from complex technology used in clinical laboratories to straightforward self-tests like those for pregnancy and diabetes monitoring.