FREE MDRAO Introduction Questions and Answers

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The Decontamination area is a clean area.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The decontamination area in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) is not a clean area; it is specifically designated for the initial processing of contaminated medical devices. Decontamination involves the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants from medical devices before they undergo further cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization processes. Therefore, the decontamination area is considered a potentially contaminated or "dirty" area.

The organizational structure in an MDRD is determined by the principal functions of the unit, task assignment, and resource allocation.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The organizational structure in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) is typically determined by the principal functions of the unit, task assignment, and resource allocation. This structure ensures efficiency, clarity of roles, and effective utilization of resources within the department.

MDRD serves and supports patient care areas. Staff must demonstrate reliability by delivering supplies of appropriate quality and quantity as quickly as possible when needed.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Medical Device Reprocessing Departments (MDRDs) play a crucial role in supporting patient care areas by providing sterile and high-quality medical supplies promptly when needed. Staff reliability is essential to ensure that supplies are delivered in the appropriate quantity and quality, contributing to the smooth functioning of patient care services.

Assembly Area: All disassembled devices are inspected, reassembled tested, checked to confirm in working order, packaged appropriately, and labeled.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The assembly area in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) is where disassembled devices are inspected, reassembled, and tested to ensure they are in proper working order. After assembly, devices are packaged appropriately and labeled according to established protocols. This meticulous process helps ensure that medical devices are ready for use and meet quality standards before being returned to patient care areas.

Storage & Distribution: Where the sterilization process occurs and monitoring of the process.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Storage & Distribution area in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) is where sterilized items are stored and prepared for distribution to user areas. This area typically involves activities such as inventory management, storing sterile items in appropriate conditions, and preparing them for transport to user areas. The sterilization process itself usually takes place in a separate area, such as the Sterilizing Area, where items are subjected to sterilization methods like steam, ethylene oxide, or hydrogen peroxide plasma, along with monitoring of the sterilization process to ensure efficacy.

A policy is a guiding principle that is documented and used to set direction in an organization.

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Explanation:
A policy is indeed a guiding principle that is documented and utilized to establish direction within an organization. It serves as a framework for decision-making and action, providing clarity and consistency in operations and behaviors across the organization. Policies help define acceptable practices, expectations, and boundaries within the organization's structure and culture.

MDRD personnel must be courteous, willing, and knowledgeable at all times. By being so, personnel in user areas will develop positive and cooperative attitudes toward the MDRD making the job of all personnel more pleasant.

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Explanation:
Maintaining a courteous, willing, and knowledgeable demeanor is crucial for personnel in Medical Device Reprocessing Departments (MDRDs). Positive interactions with staff in user areas foster cooperative attitudes and facilitate smooth communication and collaboration between departments. This, in turn, enhances the overall working environment for all personnel involved.

Sterilizing Area: Where sterilized items are stored to prevent contamination prior to being transported to the user areas.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The sterilizing area in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) is where items are sterilized, not stored. Once items have been properly sterilized, they are typically stored in a designated clean area to prevent contamination before they are transported to user areas. This ensures that the sterile items remain uncontaminated and ready for use when needed in patient care areas.

Medical Device Reprocessing Departments are very active, and critical areas within a healthcare facility and in most cases are centrally located, and close to the patient care areas. To provide the environment for learning and understanding the scope of work, these departments allow various hospital personnel to frequently visit the area.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Medical Device Reprocessing Departments (MDRDs) typically restrict access to authorized personnel to maintain the integrity of the reprocessing environment and ensure patient safety.

The policies and procedures in the Medical Device Reprocessing Department should meet the criteria formulated by the CSA (Canadian Standards Association) and stimulate best reprocessing practice as indicated in the "Ministry of Ontario Best Practices PIDAC" document.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The policies and procedures in the Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) should adhere to the criteria set by the CSA and promote best reprocessing practices outlined in the "Ministry of Ontario Best Practices PIDAC" document. This ensures compliance with national standards and guidelines, contributing to the safety and effectiveness of medical device reprocessing.

Flow in MDRD is a one-way flow.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Flow in a Medical Device Reprocessing Department (MDRD) typically follows a one-way flow design to prevent cross-contamination and ensure the safety and effectiveness of the reprocessing process. This means that contaminated items move through the department in a linear fashion, from the dirty or decontamination area to the clean or sterile area, without the possibility of returning to previous stages. This unidirectional flow helps maintain the integrity of the reprocessing process and minimize the risk of errors or contamination.

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