FREE MACE Medical Terminology Question And Answers

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Which of the following acronyms is no longer advised due to the possibility of pharmaceutical errors?

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It is no longer advised to use "IU". As an alternative, one should type "International Units."

What does "osteogenic" entail?

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Osteogenic refers to something originating within the bone. This term is often used to describe cells or processes associated with the development or formation of bone tissue. For instance, osteogenic cells are responsible for producing bone tissue. The word is derived from the Greek roots "osteon," which means bone, and "genesis," which means origin or creation. It is commonly employed in medical and anatomical discussions concerning bone-related matters.

What is meant by "dysphagia"?

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Dysphagia manifests as difficulty in swallowing, encompassing sensations of discomfort or hindered passage of food, liquids, or saliva. This condition can stem from a range of factors, including neurological issues, muscular ailments, or structural anomalies in the throat or esophagus. It should be noted that dysphagia differs from conditions like vocal cord swelling, breathing difficulties, or speech impairment, although these may occasionally be linked to or exacerbate dysphagia.

How would you define "aphasia"?

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Aphasia is a condition marked by either partial or complete inability to communicate verbally or in writing. Typically arising from damage to the brain's language centers, often due to a stroke or head trauma, aphasia commonly presents as speech impairment. This encompasses challenges in word retrieval, sentence construction, or pronunciation accuracy. Additionally, aphasia may involve difficulties in comprehending language, reading, or writing.

How would you describe "hemorrhage"?

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Hemorrhage refers to the loss of blood from damaged blood vessels, which can occur either internally or externally due to injuries, trauma, or various medical conditions. In medical terminology, hemorrhage typically implies significant and often uncontrolled bleeding, which may manifest externally through wounds or internally, involving organs or tissues. The severity of hemorrhages can vary, underscoring the importance of timely medical attention to address the underlying cause and manage bleeding to prevent complications. It's important to note that while hemorrhage doesn't specifically refer to vomiting blood from a stomach ulcer, blood in the stool, or blood in the urine, these conditions can involve bleeding.

What does hepatitis mean?

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Hepatitis, characterized by liver inflammation, can arise from diverse factors such as viral infections, alcohol intake, autoimmune disorders, or exposure to specific toxins. The resulting liver inflammation can cause damage and potentially lead to complications like cirrhosis or chronic liver disease. Identifying the root cause of hepatitis is crucial for effective treatment and care. Notably, hepatitis is distinct from kidney stones, which involve the development of solid particles within the kidneys.

What does hemiplegia refer to?

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Hemiplegia is the term used to describe paralysis affecting one side of the body, which commonly involves the arms and legs on the same side. Typically caused by damage to the brain's motor cortex or the nerves connecting to the affected side, it can result from conditions like stroke, traumatic brain injury, or certain neurological disorders. This condition is distinct from monoplegia, which affects one limb, paraplegia involving both lower limbs, and quadriplegia, which affects all four limbs.

The meaning of the letter "M" or "Mitte" on prescription labels is

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The quantity of the medication is indicated on prescriptions by the letter "M" or "Mitte." For instance, the pharmacist will know that the patient needs 100 pills if the ophthalmologist provides antibiotics in pill form and writes "M: 100" on the prescription.

What does tachycardia mean?

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Tachycardia denotes an elevated heart rate, exceeding the normal resting rate. This condition, characterized by a heartbeat faster than usual for a given age group or health status, can stem from factors such as stress, fever, anemia, cardiac ailments, or other medical concerns. In contrast, bradycardia manifests as a slow heart rate. It's important to note that irregular heart rate and heart murmur are separate cardiac conditions with unique features.

What does the abbreviation "ac" mean when it appears on a prescription?

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The abbreviation "ac" on a prescription stands for before meals. The acronym is a translation of the Latin expression ante cibum.

What does pathology mean?

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Pathology encompasses the exploration of disease, entailing the scrutiny and interpretation of bodily tissues and fluids to diagnose and comprehend the essence and origins of illnesses. Pathologists delve into the alterations occurring in cells, tissues, and organs due to diseases, playing a pivotal role in disease identification and management. Through the analysis of disease patterns and features, pathologists aid in devising efficient treatment modalities and preventive measures.

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