# FREE Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Certification Trivia Questions and Answers

#### What different classifications are there for measurement system errors?

Measurement system errors can be divided into three main groups: Resolution: Capacity to deliver precise readings Accuracy: The discrepancy between the measured value and the observed value. Precision is the difference between measurements made with identical tools or equipment of the same part.

#### Which Central Tendency measure is the most well-liked and frequently applied in Six Sigma applications?

The term "mean," also called "arithmetic mean," refers to the arithmetic average of all the data points. In Six Sigma applications, this is the most well-liked and frequently applied metric of Central Tendency.

#### What three factors affect the accuracy of measurement systems?

Accuracy of measurement methods includes: Stability: Long-term measurement consistency and predictability Bias: Deviation between the actual and reference values A measure of bias values across a variety of measurements is linearity.

#### Which of these groups can data be divided into?

Three categoriesâ€”Continuous or Variable, Discrete, and Attribute Dataâ€”can be used to categorize data.

#### Which of the following is not a quality of an effective measurement system?

Accuracy, Repeatability, Linearity, Reproducibility, and Stability are desirable qualities in a measurement system. One of the properties excluded is bias.

#### One mechanical inspector uses a dial caliper with a resolution of 0.025 mm to check a standard ten times with a known value of 25.4 mm. The measurements are: 25,425 25,425 25,400 25,400 25,375 25,425 25,425 25,400 This gauge has a tolerance of Â± 25 mm. Determine the bias value and percent bias.

1) Determine the mean of the measurements. Here, Xbar equals 25.405 millimeters. 2)Bias = Average - Reference Value, which equals 25.405 - 25.4 mm, or 0.05 mm. (Bias/Tolerance)% = 100 * (Bias/Tolerance)% = 100 * (0.05/0.5)% = 1%

#### What are the two factors that contribute to the accuracy of measurement systems?

Repetition and reproducibility are related to precision. Equipment variation is another name for repeatability. Reproducibility and appraiser variation are synonyms.

#### What graph shows part variation?

An Xbar chart is used to track and assess a process' behavior over time and, if necessary, take remedial action. The graph displays the average values of several subgroups with tiny samples.

#### When the data has outliners, which central tendency measure should be applied in Six Sigma applications?

The middle or position of the data list is referred to as the median or positional mean. The outliers have an influence on the mean. Even with the insertion of outliers, the median doesn't much change.

#### What tool can be used to check the accuracy of a measuring system?

A tool called MSA or GAGE RR is used to validate the measurement system in order to determine whether it can provide data that can be trusted.

#### What is defined or categorized by nominal measurement?

Only the existence or absence of a specific attribute is defined or classified using nominal scales. You can only count things on nominal scales, and the only statistics you may employ are percentage, proportion, and Chi-Square tests.

#### What are the dispersion measures?

Range, Variation, and Standard Deviation are the dispersion metrics. The range is the amount that lies between the maximum and minimum values. The average of squared mean differences is variance. The square root of variance is the standard deviation.

#### What is defined by a ratio scale?

All genuine zero value points are defined by the ratio scale. With these data points, you may perform addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication. Example: Distance traveled, elapsed time, etc.

#### What kinds of measurement scales are there?

The important measurement scales are the ratio, ordinal, nominal, and interval scales.

#### Which question must be made prior to creating the SIPOC?

We need to know who the supplier, inputs, customers, process, and outputs are in order to prepare SIPOC.

#### Which measuring scale is a management comparison scale?

One item having more or less of the attribute than the other is defined by an ordinal scale. It can be described as a comparison scale of measurement. Example: Attractiveness and taste. Rank order correlation is frequently used as a statistic.