FREE ICT Fundamentals Questions and Answers

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An embedded system: what is it?

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A computer system that is intended to carry out particular duties or operations inside of a bigger system is called an embedded system. Typically, it is made out of a microprocessor, a tiny electronic device used to process instructions and data. An embedded system, as contrast to a general-purpose computer, is often devoted to one or more specific functions. Consequently, since "A Micro Processor" appropriately captures the key element of an embedded system, the response is valid.

What should be included in a strong password?

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A combination of punctuation, uppercase, lowercase, and spaces should be used in a strong password. When a password has these components, it becomes more complex and difficult for hackers to figure out or crack. Special characters are added by punctuation marks, variation is added by capital letters, diversity is added by lowercase letters, and complexity is increased by spaces. A password becomes more secure and less vulnerable to dictionary or brute force attacks when it contains all of these components.

Is there a Graphics User Interface (GUI) on a computer or laptop?

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The Graphics User Interface (GUI) of a computer or laptop enables users to interact with the system through visual features including windows, menus, and icons. GUI offers an intuitive user interface that makes it easier to access and operate a variety of programs and features on the computer. Instead of utilizing complicated command lines or codes, users may simply click on graphical elements to traverse the system, launch programs, and complete activities.

Which of these belongs in the category of computer hardware?

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Since a monitor is a display device that enables users to interact with computers visually, it is considered computer hardware. It is used to examine and present computer output, such as graphical user interfaces, text, photos, and videos. In order for computer users to visually see the information and data processed by the computer, monitors are necessary. They are available in a variety of sizes and resolutions.

Which application is the most effective for writing letters?

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Because it is a popular word processor with many capabilities tailored especially for document creation and formatting, Microsoft Word is the finest tool to use when writing a letter. Along with capabilities for adding photos, tables, and other features, it offers a variety of tools for text formatting, editing, and spell checking. Microsoft Word is a flexible and effective option for letter writing since it facilitates simple document collaboration and sharing.

What is the bare minimum of characters required in a strong password?

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A strong password need to consist of a minimum of 16 characters. Because it is more difficult for hackers to figure out or guess the password at this length, there is an increased level of protection. Generally speaking, longer passwords are harder to crack or figure out using popular dictionary terms or patterns. Longer passwords also have more potential combinations, which makes it harder for automated password-cracking software to decipher them. For this reason, it is advised to choose a password that is 16 characters or longer in order to secure online accounts.

What is the main purpose of internet security software in terms of safeguarding your computer?

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The main function of internet security software is to strengthen your computer's defenses against malware, trojans, and other online threats. It doesn't guarantee the whole elimination of all dangers, block internet access, or stop internet file downloads.

Of the following, which one isn't a web browser?

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Facebook is a social networking platform, not a web browser, as its main purpose is not to navigate and display online pages. Safari, Chrome, and Firefox are examples of web browsers that are specifically made to access and render web information. On the other hand, Facebook is a website and mobile application that facilitates social networking and allows users to connect and interact with others.

In what way should an email begin?

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Writing the subject line at the beginning of an email is crucial since it gives the receiver a quick overview of the communication's goal or subject. They are able to efficiently prioritize and arrange their emails as a result. Setting the scene and making sure the email is clear and succinct are further benefits of writing the subject line first.

What location is RAM in?

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The motherboard is where RAM is located. The CPU, storage units, RAM, and other components are all found on the motherboard, which is the main circuit board of a computer system. Random Access Memory, or RAM, is a form of memory used by computers to hold data that is actively being used by the operating system and applications. It is fast and temporary storage for data that the CPU may access quickly, and it is directly attached to the motherboard.

Why is it advised that you backup your files?

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It is generally advised to back up your information so that you have a backup or copy of your crucial data in case of computer theft, malfunctioning hardware, or other unforeseen circumstances. In this manner, you can minimize data loss and save your crucial information by restoring your files and data on a new or repaired computer. It can also serve as a safety net for your data in the event that you inadvertently erase something or that your machine has other problems.

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