FREE Hospice and Palliative Nurse MCQ Questions and Answers

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Which hospice Medicare/Medicaid benefit service would be covered for the hospice patient?

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When scheduled by the hospice team, the Hospice Medicare and Medicaid Benefit covers outpatient services including ER visits. The benefit does not pay for lodging for hospice patients in private homes or nursing homes, prescription medications, or treatments aimed at curing terminal illnesses. Apart from the patient's regular physician or nurse practitioner who is selected to serve as the hospice care's attending physician, the benefit also stipulates that all care for the terminal disease must be provided by the hospice provider of choice.

How long are grief services accessible to family and other people connected to the patient after their death?

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According to Medicare hospice regulations, the hospice is required to offer grief services for up to a year after the patient's death to the family and any other people included on the bereavement care plan. Direct family members and other people connected to the sick are treated equally.

A therapy, including palliative and end-of-life care, can generally be withheld or withdrawn under which circumstance, notwithstanding minor differences in state laws?

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In general, withholding or withdrawing therapy, commonly referred to as letting natural death, might be morally acceptable and decided by the patient, their legal representative, or both. An ethics committee meeting may be useful to clarify the issue, but it is not necessary for the interdisciplinary team to take the initiative to withhold or withdraw therapy.

If the patient and family would like to engage in the IDT discussion in the hospice residential environment, what would be the appropriate course of action?

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Holding the meeting at the patient's bedside would be the most effective way to involve the patient and family in the IDT conversation in the hospice house setting. This would enable everyone to take part in the patient's room's privacy.

A new patient who attends your church has recently come under your care, and she gave permission for the notification of her hospice admittance to be included in the weekly church bulletin. A mutual buddy asks her how she's doing at Bible study. Which answer is the most suitable?

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Sharing any information about your patient's condition would not be appropriate because HIPAA standards safeguard patient privacy in all venues. This not only protects your patient but also assures others that their information will be kept private should they or a loved one ever require hospice care.

How frequently must a registered nurse visit the patient's home to supervise a hospice assistant in accordance with Medicare guidelines?

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A registered nurse must visit the patient's home at least once every 14 days to oversee the hospice aide's care, as required by the Medicare Conditions of Participation for Hospices. If no area of concern has been identified, the hospice aide does not need to be present during the visit.

Lorna is nearing the end of her life due to metastatic ovarian cancer. She has continuously graded her pain as an 8 or 9 out of 10, requiring higher dosages of painkillers to be comfortable for the duration of her hospice benefit. She hasn't spoken for the past 24 hours. Her son worries that mom won't be able to express to him how she is feeling. Which educational point would be best to impart to her son?

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Family members may experience distress due to changes throughout the end of life, such as the loss of direct communication with the patient. Families should be informed that the patient's behavior—which may include guarding, sobbing, groaning, restlessness, muscle rigidity, grimacing, irritability, diaphoresis, apathy, or aggression—will then be the best predictor of pain. In addition, there is no reason to believe that pain would get worse, so continuous assessment is required. A patient who has experienced agony to the point of being non-verbal is unlikely to stop, therefore the nurse should expect that pain management must remain a priority. It is not proper to start terminal sedation just because someone has stopped speaking.

Regarding multidisciplinary teams for palliative and hospice care (IDT), which statement is more accurate?

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To keep the patient/family centered focus, the IDT includes patients and families as members; the patient and family are included in the development of all treatment plans. In IDTs, collaboration between all team members facilitates decision-making; the medical director is not the sole leader. Hospice IDTs—not palliative IDTs—must have a volunteer, per CMS regulations. Professional disciplines are not interdisciplinary when they work individually; rather, they function as a multidisciplinary team, often overlapping in duties and working in dependence on one another.

What constitutes the ideal method for using an electronic health record in patient care?

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The best practice for using the electronic health record in patient care is point of service documentation, which is documentation done during the patient care visit. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of hospice and palliative care, many providers may access the same record to examine collaborative notes on the same day. Inadequate recordkeeping makes it difficult for other healthcare professionals to deliver the best possible care for patients. Point of service documentation has many advantages, including improved patient care record accuracy and reduced staff burnout. Hospice personnel can enjoy personal time for self-care instead of patient care when paperwork is finished during the patient care visit rather than after hours.

A patient receiving hospice care with a lengthy history of complications from hypothyroidism are actively killing people of heart illness. The individual is unable to consume pills orally. The nurse must to:

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The best course of action, considering the patient's fatal condition and incapacity to swallow pills, would be to: Hold the levo

thyroxine Sustaining the patient on medication that they are unable to take could not be very beneficial and might even put them through needless suffering. Prioritizing comfort measures and providing supportive care that is suited to the patient's end-of-life needs is crucial for the nurse.

Which member of the IDT could be most useful in locating accessible community options for support if a patient and family are experiencing financial difficulty?

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The hospice social worker would be the IDT member most qualified to assist a patient and family who are experiencing financial difficulty. Hospice social workers have a special understanding of available community services and the skills to use them.

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