FREE History End-of-Course Questions and Answers

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What was the main purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 was enacted to address the unfair practices of railroads, particularly the high and discriminatory rates charged to farmers and merchants. The Act aimed to regulate the railroad industry to ensure reasonable and just rates, promoting fair competition and preventing exploitation.

The passage below is an excerpt from the Fourteenth Amendment:

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

This amendment was proposed by Congress in response to which of the following?

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Explanation:
The Fourteenth Amendment was proposed to address the discriminatory Black Codes enacted by Southern states after the Civil War. These laws severely restricted the freedoms and rights of African Americans. The amendment aimed to ensure equal protection under the law and to safeguard the civil rights of all citizens.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act concerned which issue?

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Explanation:
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 dealt with whether slavery would be allowed in the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It allowed the settlers in those territories to decide the issue of slavery by popular sovereignty, leading to significant conflict and violence known as "Bleeding Kansas."

Which statement describes both the First and Second Industrial Revolutions?

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Explanation:
Both the First and Second Industrial Revolutions introduced new technologies that significantly enhanced productivity. The First Industrial Revolution (late 18th to early 19th century) saw the advent of mechanized textile production, steam power, and improved iron production. The Second Industrial Revolution (late 19th to early 20th century) brought advancements such as electricity, the internal combustion engine, and mass production techniques. These technological innovations led to increased efficiency and output in various industries.

Which of the following was the main reason that the federal government created a method for Native Americans to become U.S. citizens?

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Explanation:
The main reason for creating a method for Native Americans to become U.S. citizens was to encourage their assimilation into mainstream American society. This policy was part of a broader strategy to integrate Native Americans into the cultural and economic life of the United States, often at the expense of their traditional lifestyles and autonomy.

Which entrepreneur had a significant impact on the cosmetics industry?

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Explanation:
Madame C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, was an African American entrepreneur who became one of the wealthiest self-made women in America through her cosmetics and hair care products targeted primarily at African American women. She is celebrated for her innovative business strategies and for empowering other women through her success.

What was the main accomplishment of the Freedmen's Bureau?

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Explanation:
The Freedmen's Bureau, established in 1865, primarily aimed to assist emancipated slaves by providing food, housing, medical aid, education, and legal assistance. It played a crucial role in helping former slaves transition to freedom and self-sufficiency.

Which of the following describes a reason for U.S. involvement in World War I?

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Explanation:
One of the key reasons for U.S. involvement in World War I was the concern among American leaders that if Germany emerged victorious, it could threaten American security and trade interests, particularly in the Atlantic region. Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare and the Zimmermann Telegram, which proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States, heightened these fears and played a significant role in the decision for the U.S. to enter the war on the side of the Allies.

Which of these was a direct consequence of the Civil War?

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Explanation:
The Civil War led to the passage of the 15th Amendment in 1870, which extended voting rights to African American men by prohibiting states from denying the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

What was the main effect of the system of debt peonage that emerged in the South during the late 19th century?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Debt peonage, also known as debt slavery, trapped African Americans in a cycle of debt that was difficult to escape. They were forced to work off their debts under harsh conditions, which made the system similar to slavery despite the legal end of slavery.

The Gentleman’s Agreement between President Theodore Roosevelt and Japan resulted in a decrease of which of these?

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Explanation:
The Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907-1908 between the United States and Japan aimed to address anti-Japanese sentiment in the United States. It led to a decrease in Japanese immigration to the United States by restricting the number of Japanese laborers allowed to enter the country.

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