FREE FCLE Civic Literacy Questions and Answers

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Which modern process would be supported by the ancient Greeks?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The ancient Greeks practiced direct democracy, where citizens participated directly in decision-making, including the election of officials. Electing governors aligns with this democratic process, as it involves citizens choosing their leaders through voting.

Which form of government is based on popular sovereignty?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A republic is a form of government where power is held by the people and exercised through elected representatives. Popular sovereignty, the idea that the authority of the government is derived from the consent of the governed, is a fundamental principle of a republic.

Use the passage below, which was included in the Declaration of Sentiments adopted at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848, to answer the question that follows:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

Which of the following documents influenced the aims and strategies of the authors of the Declaration of Sentiments?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The aims and strategies of the authors of the Declaration of Sentiments at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 were influenced by the Declaration of Independence. The passage in the Declaration of Sentiments echoes the language and principles of the Declaration of Independence, particularly the assertion that all men and women are created equal and endowed with certain inalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for the ideals of equality and individual rights in American political thought.

The U.S. Congress fulfilled which of the following purposes of government when it declared war on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
By declaring war on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Congress fulfilled the purpose of providing for the common defense. This action demonstrated the government's commitment to protecting the nation and its citizens from external threats.

During the 6th century B.C.E., the ancient Athenians divided the powers of their government between two assemblies and guaranteed certain political rights to all male citizens. How do these political reforms best illustrate how societies develop?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The political reforms in ancient Athens, such as dividing powers and guaranteeing political rights, illustrate how societies develop by limiting government authority. This reflects the concept of checks and balances, where different branches or bodies of government have separate powers to prevent any one entity from becoming too powerful.

Use the passage below, from a historical document, to answer the question that follows:

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

Which philosophical movement best reflects the ideals in the passage?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The ideals expressed in the passage, such as forming a more perfect union, establishing justice, promoting the general welfare, and securing liberty, reflect the principles of the Enlightenment. This philosophical movement emphasized reason, individual rights, and the importance of government serving the interests of the people. The U.S. Constitution embodies many Enlightenment ideas, including the separation of powers, checks and balances, and protection of individual freedoms.

Laws against defamation, including libel and slander, property damage, and breach of contract represent which legal concern underlying most Western nations?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Laws against defamation, property damage, and breach of contract fall under civil law, which deals with disputes between individuals or organizations regarding rights, obligations, and remedies, rather than crimes against society (criminal law) or laws governing the military, juveniles, or other specific sectors.

Which of the following ancient civilizations established a republican form of government?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Roman civilization established a republican form of government, where elected representatives governed on behalf of the people. This system influenced many modern democratic governments.

Which modern democratic concept practiced in the United States is most like the democratic process of ancient Greece?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The referendum is most like the democratic process of ancient Greece because it allows citizens to directly vote on specific issues or legislation, similar to how ancient Athenians participated in direct democracy by voting on laws and policies in the assembly.

Which political philosopher’s ideas are best represented in the Declaration of Independence?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The ideas in the Declaration of Independence are best represented by John Locke, who advocated for natural rights, including life, liberty, and property. Locke's philosophy greatly influenced the Declaration's assertion that individuals possess inherent and inalienable rights that governments are created to protect.

Why did colonists living under British rule protest British tax policies?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Colonists protested British tax policies primarily because they believed these policies violated their political rights as British subjects. They argued that they should not be taxed by a government in which they had no representation, as articulated in the slogan "no taxation without representation." This grievance ultimately contributed to the American Revolution and the quest for independence from British rule.

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