# FREE FBAT Reasoning Ability Questions and Answers

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#### While on patrol duty, you notice a parked car with a broken window in a dimly lit area. As you approach the vehicle, you observe a person inside, appearing to rummage through the contents. What action should you take first?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Approaching the vehicle alone could pose a safety risk, especially since the individual inside appears to be rummaging through the contents. Calling for backup allows for additional support and ensures officer safety while assessing the situation.

#### Danny discovered the following facts while working on his geography assignment: 30% of Georgia's inhabitants are Native Americans. 50% of Georgia's inhabitants work in the service industry. 20% work in agriculture and 60% drink Coke. Danny drew four statements. Which statement must be true?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
According to the data provided, service industry workers constitute 50% of Georgia's population. Furthermore, cola drinkers constitute 60% of Georgia's population. This means there is a definite overlap between service industry workers and cola drinkers (i.e. 50% + 60%= 110% > 100%). Therefore, some of Georgia's service industry employees definitely drink Coke (at least 10% of them).

#### You are a correctional officer at the Broward Correctional Institution. At the beginning of your shift, your supervisor gives you instructions that you do not understand. What would be the first step you should take to solve this problem?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The first step you should take to solve the problem of unclear instructions from your supervisor would be:
You should ask the supervisor to repeat the unclear instructions.
This ensures that you have a clear understanding of what is expected of you and reduces the likelihood of making mistakes or not completing tasks correctly.

#### You are on patrol duty and receive a call about a potential domestic disturbance in a nearby neighborhood. Upon arrival, you encounter a heated argument between a couple in their front yard. The husband appears agitated and is yelling, while the wife seems scared and is crying. What is the most appropriate initial action?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This allows the officer to assess the situation from multiple perspectives and gather information about what led to the argument and the current state of affairs. It helps in understanding each person's perspective and ensures a thorough understanding of the situation before taking further action.

#### While conducting a routine inspection of a correctional facility, you notice a group of inmates engaging in a heated argument in the common area. The situation appears to be escalating quickly. What action should you take?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Using physical force (option A) could escalate the situation and potentially result in harm to both inmates and staff. Ignoring the situation (option C) could allow it to escalate further. Leaving the area without addressing the situation (option D) could compromise the safety and security of the facility. Calling for backup and attempting to de-escalate the situation through verbal communication allows for additional support and helps diffuse the conflict in a controlled manner.

#### While patrolling a local park, you notice a group of teenagers loitering near the playground after hours. They seem to be engaged in conversation but not causing any visible disturbance. What action should you take?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This ensures that the situation is handled appropriately and in accordance with departmental policies. It allows for guidance from a higher authority on how to proceed, considering factors such as safety, legal considerations, and community relations.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The man seems eager to take care of the matter outside and is reluctant to return to his car; this may lead Officer Denver to conclude that he does not want her to look inside his car.

#### You receive a report of a potential burglary in progress at a residential property. Upon arrival, you notice a broken window at the rear of the house and hear sounds of movement from inside. What should be your immediate response?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Entering the property alone could be dangerous, as the suspect may be armed or dangerous. Calling for backup allows for additional support and ensures officer safety. Securing the perimeter helps to contain the situation and prevent the suspect from escaping while awaiting assistance from other officers.

#### During a routine traffic stop, the driver becomes verbally aggressive and refuses to comply with your instructions. Despite repeated warnings, the driver continues to escalate the situation. What should you do next?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Using physical force or ignoring the driver's behavior could escalate the situation further and compromise safety. Requesting backup allows for additional support and assistance in handling the escalating behavior while attempting to de-escalate through verbal communication helps to diffuse the situation and maintain control.

#### During a routine traffic stop, you observe the driver becoming increasingly nervous and agitated. As you request their license and registration, they reach into the glove compartment abruptly. What is the most appropriate response in this situation?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Drawing a firearm or ordering the driver out of the vehicle may escalate the situation unnecessarily, especially if the driver is already nervous. Requesting backup ensures officer safety and allows for additional support if the situation escalates. Meanwhile, maintaining verbal communication helps to keep the situation under control while assessing the driver's actions.

#### Scientists at L.L. National Laboratory are building a new supercomputer, called Sequoia, that will be the most powerful machine in the world once it is completed by the end of 2012, and at least two other machines of comparable power are in the works. There is one vital component missing, however. If a supercomputer is compared to a very fast racing engine then more drivers are needed to use those engines. Writing software programs that can split work up among all of a supercomputer's hundreds of thousands of microprocessors is a daunting task and requires lots of specialized training. Therefore, when the supercomputers are completed, there will be a shortage of people who know how to make use of all this computing power. Which one of the following is an underlying assumption of the above argument?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Remember that for questions of the type Identifying an Underlying Assumption of the argument, the correct answer will not appear in the passage. It is something that must be assumed to be true in order for the argument to be true. The argument in this passage is clearly the last sentence, beginning with the signal word Therefore: Therefore, when the supercomputers are completed, there will be a shortage of people who know how to make use of all this computing power. Before reading the answer choices, you know that you are looking for a sentence that will support the fact that there will be a shortage of sufficiently trained people.