FREE Family Medicine Exam Question and Answers

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What kind of lab work ought to be requested for a patient taking 50 mg of levothyroxine every day?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Thyroid hormone therapy: Levothyroxine is typically used to treat hypothyroidism patients in order to get their thyroid hormone levels back to normal. Replacement treatment is the standard of care and aims to achieve a TSH in the normal range.

Which diagnostic lab conducts an annual kidney problem screening for diabetics?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A urine microalbumin test looks for very low concentrations of the blood protein albumin. When a person is at risk of developing kidney disease, a microalbumin test is performed to look for early indications of kidney impairment.

Your kidneys should be able to filter out waste from your blood while preserving the beneficial elements, such as albumin-containing proteins. Proteins can escape your body through damaged kidneys and end up in your urine. One of the first proteins to leak when the kidneys are injured is albumin (al-BYOO-min).

For those at a higher risk of developing kidney diseases, such as those with diabetes or high blood pressure, microalbumin testing is advised.

What type of laboratory is an example of the Chemistry Metabolic Panel (CMP)?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A panel of 14 blood tests called the complete metabolic panel, also known as the chemical screen (CMP; CPT code 80053), is used as an initial, general medical screening tool. The CMP offers a basic evaluation of kidney, liver, parathyroid, and diabetes health as well as electrolyte and fluid balance, however this kind of screening has its limits.

What class of drugs frequently causes fatigue, muscle pain, and cramps as adverse effects?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Statins' muscle-related side effects, including as soreness, cramping, and weakening, are the most often reported ones. Serious statin adverse effects like damage to the kidneys, liver, or muscles are relatively uncommon.

False or True. Depression is frequently treated with citalopram.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Using citalopram, depression can be treated. It might be utilized in combined therapy. This indicates that you might have to combine it with other medications. What it does The group of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors includes citalopram (SSRIs). A class of pharmaceuticals is a collection of compounds with comparable mechanisms of action.

What lab test is typically run on a patient taking diabetes medication?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A typical blood test to identify both type 1 and type 2 diabetes is the A1C test. The test is also used to assess how effectively you're controlling blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. The A1C test is also known as the HbA1c test, hemoglobin A1C test, glycated hemoglobin test, and glycosylated hemoglobin test.

Which medication on the list below is a beta blocker?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Blood pressure-lowering medications called beta blockers, or beta-adrenergic blocking agents, are also known as. The way that beta blockers function is by obstructing the actions of the hormone epinephrine also referred to as adrenaline.

Beta-blockers reduce blood pressure by causing the heart to beat more gradually and gently. Beta-blockers also aid in artery and vein dilation to enhance blood flow.

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