FREE Doctor of Education Conceptual Questions and Answers

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Which sort of learning relies primarily on physical acts for comprehension?

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Psychomotor learning emphasizes the development of motor abilities, muscle memory, and physical coordination in order to comprehend and execute specific tasks or actions.

Who introduced the concept of many intelligences?

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Howard Gardner created the concept of multiple intelligences, which posits that intelligence is not a single, unified skill but rather a variety of distinct intellectual capacities that individuals possess to varying degrees.

Where does cognitivism place its emphasis?

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Cognitivism focuses on how information is processed and thought about in the mind. It looks at how people learn, organize, and use knowledge to understand and solve problems.

Rather than simply reacting to a stimulus, which learning theory encourages students to reflect on and make sense of the data presented to them?

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Emphasizing mental processes such as perception, memory, and problem-solving to comprehend and assimilate new knowledge, cognitivism encourages students to reflect on and make sense of the data offered to them.

Which theory says that each person learns in a way that is unique to them?

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Constructivism says that each person learns in a way that is unique to them. Learners actively build their own understanding and knowledge based on their past experiences, interactions, and interpretations of new information.

To what do we refer when we talk about assimilation?

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In Piaget's theory, assimilation is the process of using an existing schema (mental framework or structure) to understand and deal with a new thing or situation in the environment, putting the new information into the existing cognitive framework.

What are the knowledge building blocks, according to Piaget's theory of cognitive development?

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In Piaget's theory of cognitive development, "schemas" are the building blocks of knowledge, which are mental frameworks or structures that individuals use to organize and understand information about the environment.

Which of the following theories of learning says that knowledge is outside of the learner and exists on its own?

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Behaviorism says that knowledge exists outside of the learner and on its own, and that people learn by responding to outside stimuli and getting praise for behaviors that can be seen.

When was the Zone of Proximal Development first proposed, and by whom?

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Lev Vygotsky, a famous psychologist, came up with the Zone of Proximal Development in the early 20th century. It is the range of tasks that a learner can do with the help of a more knowledgeable person. 

Who came up with the idea of using assertive discipline as a method of leading a classroom?

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Assertive discipline is a style of classroom management developed by Lee Canter that emphasizes the use of clear expectations, consistent penalties, and positive reinforcement in order to successfully control student conduct.

How do people learn, according to behaviorism?

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Behaviorism says that people learn by making connections between a stimulus (an external factor) and a change in behavior (a response). It stresses the importance of observable behaviors and the role of reinforcement in the learning process.

What exactly is the point of all these different adaptation processes?

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In Piaget's theory of cognitive development, adaption processes like assimilation and accommodation assist people migrate from one stage to another by adapting their mental structures to new information and experiences.

Which need, according to Maslow's hierarchy of requirements, must be met before other needs can be supplied?

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Maslow proposed a hierarchy of needs, with the lowest level being physiological necessities including food, water, shelter, and sleep, and the highest levels being safety, love, belonging, esteem, and self-actualization.

Who first proposed the stages of Piaget's theory of cognitive development?

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Jean Piaget first came up with the stages of his theory of cognitive development. These stages show how children's thinking and understanding develop from infancy to adolescence in a way that is related to their age.

In Vygotsky's theory, learning is based on what kinds of mental processes?

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Vygotsky's theory about how people learn is based on how language and thought work in the brain. He stressed that people's social interactions and the language they use are very important for their cognitive development and learning.

To whose credit is the concept of operant conditioning initially introduced?

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B. F. Skinner, a well-known psychologist and behaviorist, first proposed the idea of operant conditioning. Skinner focused a lot on how consequences may shape and regulate behavior.

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