FREE Dermatologist Certificate MCQ Questions and Answers

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What is the name of a chronic dermatitis in people with a history of allergies that has no recognized cause?

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Explanation:
A chronic dermatitis of unknown etiology in patients with a history of allergy is called "atopic dermatitis." Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by dry, itchy, red, and scaly patches on the skin. It often occurs in individuals with a personal or family history of allergies, asthma, or hay fever.

What kind of cyst typically develops on the vulva, scrotum, and scalp and includes yellowish sebum?

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Explanation:
The type of cyst that contains yellowish sebum and is commonly found on the scalp, vulva, and scrotum is called a "sebaceous cyst." Sebaceous cysts are noncancerous, closed sacs or cysts located beneath the skin. They are filled with a thick, oily substance called sebum, which is produced by the sebaceous glands. Sebaceous cysts can occur in various areas of the body, but they are often found on the scalp, face, ears, neck, back, and genitals.

Death of tissue resulting from a reduction in blood flow to the affected area is referred to as?

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Explanation:
Death of tissue resulting from a reduction in blood flow to the affected area is referred to as "gangrene." Gangrene occurs when there is a loss of blood supply to a certain area, leading to tissue death. It can be caused by various factors, including infection, injury, or underlying medical conditions that affect blood flow.

What is the term for excessive facial or body hair, especially in women?

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Explanation:
Excessive hair on the face or body, especially in women, is called "hirsutism." Hirsutism is a condition characterized by the growth of coarse, dark hair in areas where men typically grow hair, such as the face, chest, and back. It is often caused by an excess of androgens (male hormones) or an increased sensitivity to these hormones in women.

What is the term for a lack of colour in the skin?

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Explanation:
The term for a lack of color in the skin is "albinism." Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or absence of melanin, which is the pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes. This results in very pale skin, hair, and often light-colored eyes.

A virus-induced epidermal growth is referred to as a?

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Explanation:
An epidermal growth caused by a virus is called a "verruca," more commonly known as a wart. Warts are raised growths on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They can occur on various parts of the body and come in different types, including common warts, plantar warts (on the soles of the feet), and genital warts.

A severe outbreak of extremely itchy papules or wheals is referred to as?

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Explanation:
An acute eruption of intensely itchy papules or wheals is called "urticaria," which is commonly known as hives. Urticaria is a skin condition characterized by raised, red, itchy bumps that can vary in size and shape.

What does yellowing of the skin indicate?

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Explanation:
Yellowing of the skin is indicative of hyperbilirubinemia. Hyperbilirubinemia occurs when there is an excess of bilirubin in the blood, which can lead to a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice).

The white, half-moon-shaped region at the end of a fingernail is referred to as the?

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Explanation:
The half-moon shaped, white area located at the base of a fingernail is called the "lunula." The lunula is a visible part of the nail matrix, which is the area where nail growth originates.

What are moles that have the potential to turn into malignant melanoma?

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Explanation:
Moles with the potential to develop into malignant melanoma are called "dysplastic nevi." Dysplastic nevi, also known as atypical moles, are unusual moles that can have irregular features and may resemble melanoma in appearance. While most dysplastic nevi do not become cancerous, they do have a higher risk of developing into melanoma compared to common moles.

Which of the following treatments for acne would be recommended?

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Explanation:
The medication prescribed for acne is Accutane (isotretinoin). It's a powerful medication used to treat severe, nodular acne that hasn't responded to other treatments.

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