# FREE CPPO Procurement Principles and Practices Questions and Answers

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#### The entity is trying to determine whether to use solar-generated lighting or go with LED lighting for the outdoor lighting in its new central services building. What tool should be used to advise this decision?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A cost/benefit analysis evaluates the costs and benefits associated with different options to determine which one provides the best overall value. In this scenario, comparing the costs and benefits of using solar-generated lighting versus LED lighting for outdoor lighting in the new central services building would help in advising the decision. This analysis considers factors such as initial costs, operating costs, environmental impact, energy efficiency, and potential savings over the long term.

#### A buyer wants to spot-buy propane. Which analysis process should be used to determine when to buy?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
When a buyer intends to spot-buy propane, the analysis process that should be primarily used to determine when to buy revolves around assessing market conditions. This involves understanding factors such as current propane prices, supply availability, demand fluctuations, and market trends. Analyzing the market enables buyers to make informed decisions about the timing of their propane purchases based on prevailing market conditions.

#### A school district wants to determine how many reams of printer paper to carry in inventory. Accurate monthly records of paper purchases have existed for the past 108 months. Which forecasting method should be used for the school district?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Given the accurate monthly records of paper purchases over the past 108 months, the weighted moving average method would be more appropriate than a simple moving average. Weighted moving average assigns different weights to each historical data point, giving more importance to recent data while still considering older data. This method can better capture trends and patterns in the data, making it suitable for forecasting printer paper inventory levels.

#### Forecasts are never completely accurate. Which calculation demonstrates the degree of accuracy?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) is a calculation used to measure the average magnitude of errors in forecasting. It provides a measure of how far off the forecasts are from the actual values, regardless of whether the errors are positive or negative. MAD is a commonly used metric to assess forecasting accuracy, making option c the most appropriate choice in this context.

#### The entity is replacing its computer equipment due to new technology. The equipment to be replaced is four years old. While it still has a useful life, new upgrades to current programs cannot run on the current computers. Which term best describes this equipment?

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Explanation:
The term "obsolete" best describes the computer equipment in this scenario. Although the equipment still has some remaining useful life, it is no longer compatible with new upgrades to current programs, making it outdated and unable to meet current needs or technological standards.

#### The strategic planning team has identified its stakeholders and conducted a SWOT analysis. What is its next step in creating a strategic plan?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Developing a mission statement is often one of the initial steps in the strategic planning process. It articulates the organization's purpose, values, and primary objectives, providing a guiding framework for decision-making and goal-setting. While identifying strategies to achieve goals and objectives is a crucial step in strategic planning, drafting a mission statement typically precedes the formulation of specific strategies. Therefore, option b is the appropriate next step after conducting a SWOT analysis and identifying stakeholders.

#### An entity located in the Gulf of Mexico is developing its continuity of operations plan. Which of the following is most important for the Procurement Services Department to consider?

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Explanation:
In the context of continuity of operations planning, especially for an entity located in a vulnerable area like the Gulf of Mexico, having alternate procurement operations locations is crucial. This ensures that procurement activities can continue even in the event of disruptions or emergencies such as natural disasters.

#### An entity is planning to allocate staff based on the time and effort required for its various procurements. Which analysis approach will support this strategy?

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Explanation:
Supply positioning involves assessing and strategizing the placement of resources, including staff, in alignment with procurement needs. By analyzing the demand for procurement services and the availability of resources, an entity can strategically position its staff to efficiently address procurement requirements. Therefore, option d is the most suitable approach to support the strategy of allocating staff based on the time and effort required for various procurements.

#### In order for the entity Procurement Services' Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP) to be effective, it must be in accordance with which of the following?

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Explanation:
For the Procurement Services' Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP) to be effective, it must align with the broader Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) of the entity. The EOP outlines the overall framework and procedures for responding to emergencies and ensuring the continuity of essential services, including procurement activities. Therefore, option c is the most appropriate choice as it ensures coordination and integration of procurement continuity efforts with the entity's broader emergency response and continuity planning.

#### The plan describes an objective in detail, specifies the outcome, when it should be finished, and who is responsible. Which objective attribute is missing?

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Explanation:
The attribute missing in the described plan is realism. While the plan outlines the objective in detail, and specifies the outcome, deadline, and responsible party, it may not consider whether the objective is achievable given the available resources, constraints, and circumstances. Realistic objectives should be feasible and attainable within the given context.

#### What calculation Is used to determine the most cost-effective quantity of an Item to keep In stock?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The economic order quantity (EOQ) calculation is used to determine the most cost-effective quantity of an item to keep in stock. EOQ considers factors such as inventory carrying costs and acquisition costs per order to find the optimal order quantity that minimizes total inventory costs. By balancing the costs associated with holding inventory and the costs of ordering, EOQ helps organizations make informed decisions about inventory management.