FREE CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP+) MCQ Questions and Answers
Which hashing algorithm among the following is the most powerful?
SHA-256 and MD5 are hashing algorithms, among the listed algorithms. A more powerful hashing method than MD5 is SHA-256. MD5 is prone to collisions during hashing.
Block cipher algorithms AES and DES.
Which of the following DOES NOT fall under a GDPR data classification?
An EU (European Union) data privacy regulation known as GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) gives data subjects a number of rights and enforces privacy and data security standards relating to how enterprises handle data belonging to EU individuals.
The four data classifications under GDPR are as follows:
Your business spent three months at its hot site following a natural disaster before moving back to the main location. Which processes at the main site ought to be reinstated first?
When describing the sequence of restoration between the hot site and the primary site in the context of business recovery from a natural disaster, it is inaccurate to argue that any part of the business is "least significant." Based on the importance and dependencies of various business operations and processes, the restoration priorities should be set.
The restoration process often entails evaluating the effect of the natural disaster on various business aspects and allocating restoration activities according to priority. Although the primary site is crucial, it might not necessarily be restored first if other vital operations need to be attended to.
The database server is operated by Acme Inc. The server and its data are valued at $10,000. The operating system on the server is outdated and cannot be patched. According to your calculations, there is a 20% risk that the server would be compromised in the upcoming year, and that compromise would result in the loss of 50% of the server's value (i.e., all of the data).
What is the SLE from the standpoint of a quantitative risk assessment?
The quantity of loss anticipated in the event of a single loss is known as SLE. The SLE equation is:
EF x AV = SLE
The value of an asset is its AV (asset value). The answer informs us that AV is $10,000.
The EF (exposure factor) measures the percentage likelihood that a specific threat will have an effect on a given asset. According to the question, a compromise would result in a 50% reduction in value. EF thus equals 50%.
The question's SLE formula is as follows:
SLE = $10,000 x 0.50
SLE = $5,000
Which employs the necessary keys and examines the trust paths and revocation status before enabling the certificate to be utilized when a browser views a website?
Vendors will build a PKI standard to enable the exchange of keys via certificates, which is a need for an application to use a digital certificate. Before enabling the application to utilize the certificate, the browser uses the necessary keys and verifies the trust paths and revocation status.
The certificate is provided by the web server to the browser for verification. The PKI certificate's root of trust is the Root CA (certificate authority). Requests for digital certificates are verified by the RA (registration authority).
You've been employed as a penetration tester to examine Acme Inc.'s network. You were explicitly tasked with looking for vulnerabilities such as incorrect settings, outdated software, and open ports.
What kind of tools should you employ?
A vulnerability scanner can check for a number of security flaws, including incorrect setups, outdated software, unpatched vulnerabilities, and open ports. Nessus is one of the most well-liked vulnerability detectors.
Sniffing software, often known as protocol analyzers, gathers unprocessed packets sent over the communication connection. In a process known as device fingerprinting, network enumerators scan the network and collect data on users, groups, shares, and services that are visible. Password crackers accomplish exactly what their name implies and are self-explanatory.
What method allows for the creation of many, independent user-space instances that all share the same underlying operating system kernel?
Applications running on the same operating system are isolated by containerization. On a single operating system, it makes it possible to execute numerous isolated programs. Containerization does not offer kernel separation, in contrast to conventional server virtualization.
Data storage and retrieval are made possible by a program known as a DBMS (database management system).