FREE CJBAT Law Enforcement Questions and Answers
A list of the cases on a court's calendar that are pending.
The docket provides information about the order in which cases will be addressed by the court, including hearing dates, trial schedules, and other important details related to the proceedings. It helps to keep track of the cases that are awaiting resolution and ensures that they are managed efficiently within the legal system.
Obligated, required by law, or having responsibility for.
"Legally liable" means being obligated or responsible for something in accordance with the law. It implies that a person or entity can be held legally accountable for certain actions or outcomes.
A type of arrest warrant issued by a judge in response to a failure to appear in court or a violation of court orders.
It authorizes law enforcement to arrest the individual and bring them before the court. Bench warrants are typically not specific to probation-seeking criminals but rather apply to individuals who have not fulfilled their legal obligations related to court proceedings.
Falsifying official documents.
Falsifying official documents, such as altering legal contracts, certificates, identification documents, or other important records, is a common example of forgery. It's an illegal act that can have serious legal consequences.
It is the written statement of a sworn witness.
In the legal context, a deposition is a formal process where a witness provides testimony under oath, typically outside of the courtroom. The witness's statement is recorded and transcribed, creating a written record that can be used as evidence during legal proceedings.
A person who runs away.
A "fugitive" is a person who runs away or flees, often to avoid arrest, legal prosecution, or other consequences. Fugitives are individuals who are wanted by law enforcement for various reasons, such as outstanding warrants, criminal charges, or pending legal proceedings.
The handing over of a suspect, prisoner, or runaway by one state's jurisdiction to another.
This legal process is typically governed by treaties and agreements between the involved jurisdictions and is aimed at returning individuals to the place where they are wanted for legal proceedings or to serve a sentence. Extradition ensures that individuals facing charges or convictions in one jurisdiction cannot avoid justice by fleeing to another jurisdiction.
The breaking or violation of a law, right, or obligation, whether through commission or omission.
In various contexts, such as contracts, legal agreements, or regulations, a breach occurs when one party fails to fulfill their duties or obligations as stipulated by the terms of the agreement or law.
The ruling or order of a court.
A judgment can determine whether a defendant is guilty or not guilty in a criminal case, or it can decide the outcome of a civil case, including issues of liability and damages. The judgment outlines the court's decision and may also include the reasoning behind it.
A person whose job it is to keep an eye out for and provide information about alleged wrongdoers.
Detectives are typically part of law enforcement agencies and play a crucial role in solving crimes by collecting evidence, interviewing witnesses and suspects, analyzing information, and building cases for prosecution.
A "restraining order" that a court has issued.
An "injunction" refers to a court-issued legal order, often known as a "restraining order," that commands a person or entity to refrain from certain actions. It is a judicial remedy designed to prevent harm, protect rights, or maintain the status quo.
An individual who certainly commits a crime.
It is commonly used to describe someone who is responsible for carrying out a criminal act or offense. The term "perpetrator" is often used in legal contexts and discussions of criminal investigations to refer to the person who is suspected or proven to be responsible for the unlawful behavior.
An ordinance, law, or regulation issued by a local body.
Ordinances are created to address various local issues, such as zoning regulations, public health standards, traffic rules, and other matters that fall within the jurisdiction of the local government.
In accordance to the "Law Enforcement Code of Ethics," a law enforcement official's primary responsibility is to serve:
The code of ethics highlights the duty of law enforcement professionals to protect and serve not only the broader community but also the individuals and humanity as a whole. It emphasizes the importance of maintaining the highest standards of integrity, professionalism, and dedication while upholding the rights and safety of all individuals within the community.
It refers to the early release of a prisoner from incarceration before the completion of their full sentence.
It involves a conditional release that allows the individual to serve the remainder of their sentence in the community, under the supervision of a parole officer and subject to certain conditions. These conditions may include regular check-ins, curfews, mandatory counseling, and restrictions on travel.
An act that is less serious than a felony and is punishable by a fine or municipal incarceration rather than a state prison sentence.
Misdemeanors are generally considered lower-level offenses, and the penalties are less severe than those for felonies. The distinction between misdemeanors and felonies is an important aspect of criminal law, as it helps categorize offenses based on their severity and guides the appropriate legal processes and punishments for each type of crime.