FREE Civic Literacy Constitution and History Question and Answers

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What was the United States' principal preoccupation throughout the Cold War?

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Communism, as represented by the Soviet Union and its allies, was seen as a major threat to the United States and its democratic and capitalist system. The U.S. government and its Western allies engaged in various strategies and policies to contain the spread of communism and prevent its influence from expanding globally. This led to significant military build-ups, proxy wars, espionage, and political maneuvering during the Cold War era. The principal goal of the United States was to counter the spread of communism and promote its own democratic values and alliances with other Western democracies.

Who served as the first President?

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George Washington served as the first President of the United States. He was inaugurated as the nation's first President on April 30, 1789, in New York City, which was the temporary capital at the time. Washington was unanimously elected by the Electoral College and served two terms as President from 1789 to 1797. His leadership and statesmanship during his presidency laid the foundation for the office and set many precedents that have shaped the role of the President of the United States to this day. Washington's contributions to the early years of the nation earned him the title "Father of His Country."

What year was the Constitution drafted?

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The Constitution of the United States was drafted in the year 1787. The Constitutional Convention, held in Philadelphia from May 25 to September 17, 1787, was where delegates from the thirteen states gathered to create the new framework for the federal government. After much debate and compromise, the final version of the Constitution was adopted and signed on September 17, 1787. It later underwent ratification by the states and officially became effective on June 21, 1788, when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it, making it the supreme law of the land.

The Declaration of Independence was written by whom?

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The Declaration of Independence was primarily written by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson, who was a prominent Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress, was tasked with drafting the document. He presented a draft to the Second Continental Congress, which was then reviewed and edited by other committee members and delegates before being adopted on July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence is one of the most significant documents in American history and declared the United States' independence from Great Britain, laying the foundation for the nation's principles of freedom and self-governance.

Which war was Eisenhower a general in before to becoming president?

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Before becoming President, Dwight D. Eisenhower was a general in World War II. During World War II, Eisenhower served as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe and played a crucial role in planning and executing major military operations, including the D-Day invasion of Normandy. His leadership and strategic abilities contributed significantly to the successful Allied efforts in defeating Nazi Germany and ultimately ending the war in Europe. After his distinguished military career, Eisenhower entered politics and became the 34th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1953 to 1961.

When was the Independence Declaration ratified?

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The Declaration of Independence was approved and adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, declaring the United States' independence from Great Britain. However, the formal signing of the document by representatives of the states occurred on August 2, 1776, marking the official ratification of the Declaration of Independence.

The adoption of the US Constitution was encouraged by the Federalist Papers. Identify one of the authors.

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James Madison was one of the authors of the Federalist Papers. Along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, he wrote a series of 85 essays known as the Federalist Papers, which were published between 1787 and 1788. The essays were written to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution and to address concerns and objections raised by opponents of the Constitution, known as the Anti-Federalists. The Federalist Papers are considered a significant source for understanding the intentions of the Founding Fathers and the principles behind the Constitution. James Madison, who later became the fourth President of the United States, was particularly influential in shaping the document and was often referred to as the "Father of the Constitution."

Who inhabited America before the arrival of the Europeans?

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Native Americans inhabited America before the arrival of the Europeans. The Native American peoples, also known as Indigenous or First Nations peoples, were the original inhabitants of the North and South American continents long before the arrival of European explorers and settlers. They had diverse cultures, languages, and civilizations, and their ancestors have lived on the land for thousands of years.

The colonists fought the British for what reason?

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The colonists fought the British for a variety of reasons, and one of the significant reasons was indeed the issue of self-government. The American Revolution, which lasted from 1775 to 1783, was a struggle for independence from British rule.

What accomplished Martin Luther King Jr.?

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Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent civil rights leader who fought for civil rights and equality for African Americans in the United States. He played a crucial role in the American Civil Rights Movement and advocated for nonviolent resistance to racial segregation and discrimination. His leadership and activism significantly contributed to the advancement of civil rights and the end of racial segregation and discrimination in the United States. His efforts and speeches, such as the famous "I Have a Dream" speech, continue to inspire people around the world in the ongoing struggle for justice and equality.

How did the Constitutional Convention proceed?

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The Constitutional Convention proceeded with the writing of the Constitution. The Constitutional Convention, also known as the Philadelphia Convention, took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The main purpose of the Convention was to address the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and create a new framework for the federal government.

Who is "Our Country's Father"?

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"Our Country's Father" is a commonly used title for George Washington. George Washington was the first President of the United States and played a pivotal role in the founding of the nation. He was a respected military leader during the American Revolutionary War and served as the President of the Constitutional Convention, where the United States Constitution was drafted. Washington's leadership, statesmanship, and commitment to the principles of freedom and self-governance earned him the title "Father of His Country." He is highly regarded and celebrated for his contributions to the early years of the United States, and his legacy as a founding father and national hero continues to be honored to this day.

Why did settlers travel to America?

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Settlers traveled to America for various reasons, including seeking economic opportunity, religious freedom, and escaping persecution in their home countries. The settlement of America was driven by a diverse mix of motivations that led people from different parts of the world to seek new lives and opportunities in the New World.

13 initial states existed. List three.

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These were among the first thirteen states to ratify the U.S. Constitution and form the United States of America. The other ten original states were Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.

Whose folks were transported to America and bought and sold as slaves?

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The African people were transported to America and bought and sold as slaves during the transatlantic slave trade. Millions of Africans were forcibly taken from their homes in Africa and transported to the Americas as slaves, primarily between the 16th and 19th centuries. They were subjected to brutal and inhumane conditions during the Middle Passage, the journey across the Atlantic Ocean, and were then bought and sold as property, facing lifetimes of forced labor and extreme oppression. The institution of slavery had a profound and lasting impact on the history and development of the United States, as well as other parts of the Americas.

What accomplishment of Benjamin Franklin is particularly renowned?

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Benjamin Franklin was renowned for several accomplishments: He served as the first Postmaster General of the United States, overseeing the newly established postal service in the country. He played a significant role in starting the first free libraries, such as the Library Company of Philadelphia and the Philadelphia Library. He authored "Poor Richard's Almanack," a popular almanac that contained practical advice and witty aphorisms. These achievements, among others, have made Benjamin Franklin a highly respected and influential figure in American history, known for his contributions as a statesman, scientist, inventor, writer, and diplomat

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