FREE Child Life MCQ Question and Answers
A 4-year-old girl is learning to write the alphabet, but she occasionally writes some letters backwards, such as a capital B or D, and she sometimes has trouble telling other letters apart, such as a capital M and W. Which of the following best answers the question?
The greatest response is You're learning a lot of letters since it recognizes the child's work without lavishing them with compliments, such as "Wow! It's wonderful, that!" These gaffes are typical of young kids and don't need to be fixed at this stage because kids should be allowed to make mistakes on their own. Before a youngster is developmentally ready, pointing out mistakes or demonstrating the proper form can cause stress and slow down learning.
Which of the following is the FIRST step in fixing a problem?
The definition of the problem begins with: To ascertain if the issue is due to a breakdown in communication or other factors, such as culture or religion, consult with the patient, their family, and the staff:
> Gather data: Finding different viewpoints may entail examining paperwork or conducting more staff interviews.
> Recognize key ideas: To identify the cause of the issue, and ascertain whether there are problems with each party's motivation and aim.
> Make a choice: Making the greatest solution feasible should be the foundation of any decision regarding how to avoid a problem from recurring.
A 5-year-old will have surgery to have an umbilical hernia repaired. The child should be prepared for everything except the following, which should NOT be included:
A young child may get confused and more anxious after hearing a lengthy description of the surgery. Age-appropriate explanations should be given in response to the child's inquiries, like "The doctor is going to treat the bulge on your abdomen." Prior to the day of surgery, if at all possible, the child should be given a tour of the facility so that they can look around and ask questions without the immediate stress of the procedure. For young children, doll demonstrations are frequently beneficial, and "surgical play" may help the child communicate their feelings and worries. Surgery on children should always be planned ahead of time.
A 6-year-old boy who must endure painful injections every day cries and fights when his mother is around but is placid by himself. During the injection, the mother becomes very distressed and constantly exclaims, "I'm so sorry, this hurts so much," before breaking down in tears. Which of the following interventions is MOST appropriate?
The mother should seek counseling on stress management techniques because there is a strong link between parental and child distress. The child's stress levels and coping skills may be exacerbated by the mother's complaints of pain and her sobs. Giving the child options, such as distracting him or rewarding him, may aid the mother in managing her own worry. Even though the child could be more compliant and scared to express fear, asking the mother to leave or administering the injection when she is not present may make the youngster more stressed. Topical anesthetics may be beneficial for the insertion of needles, but they are less effective for unpleasant injections, which typically come from tissue discomfort associated with the medicine.
Type-2 diabetes has been discovered in an obese 15-year-old girl; she needs to modify her diet and shed some pounds. Her siblings are 12 and 13 years old. Which of the following strategies has the HIGHEST CHANCE of succeeding?
The best strategy includes a family-wide switch to healthier eating habits so the youngster does not eat differently from the others. Changes should be made in order to:
> Limit the amount of fat in the diet to 30%
> Replace simple sugars with complex carbohydrates
> Reduce intake of white flour and sugar.
> When high-calorie snacks (chips, candy) are unavailable, it should be possible to give healthy snacks instead, like fruits, air-popped popcorn, and nonfat yogurt. There should be three meals each day for the kids, with reasonable portion sizes and no pressure to "clear the plate."
> It is advisable to gradually cut back on watching television and other sedentary activities while promoting physical activity.
The only foods a 4-year-old hospitalized for cancer treatment will consume are bananas, milkshakes, spaghetti, and hot dogs. Which method among the following is ideal?
When it is possible, fortify these foods (for example, by adding protein to milkshakes) and let the child choose what to eat. Preschoolers frequently go on food rages. There may be times when they only eat one or two items for days or even weeks at a time. Although pushing a child to consume other foods isn't necessary—according to studies, kids don't appear to suffer any negative impacts from these food binges—other meals should be provided until the child returns to a more typical diet. The child may turn to familiar and preferred foods for consolation if she is under stress. The reason probably won't be effective in persuading a 4-year-old child, and punishing the youngster by giving them simply different meals or depriving them of activities will make them more anxious.
Which of the following describes a youngster who seeks out information about a difficult occurrence and stays attentive to it?
When young person makes an effort to learn more about a tense situation, they are exhibiting watchful coping. When a youngster uses avoidant coping, they make an effort to keep from thinking about or dealing with difficult situations, such as surgery or medical procedures, but they maintain their distance. A child that exhibits trait anxiety has a high but stable level of anxiety all the time. State anxiety is anxiety that is a reaction to a particular stimulus, such as being hospitalized or going through another trying situation. To ascertain whether a child will be able to handle medical treatment, it is necessary to assess both the child's coping style and response to anxiety.