# FREE Capital Budgeting Questions and Answers

#### Keeping all other variables constant, the decrease in project liquidity is due to____.

The time frame needed for a project to recover its initial investment from the net cash inflows it produces is known as the payback period. A project's ability to quickly recoup its initial investment is indicated by a shorter payback period, which also indicates higher liquidity because it generates cash flows more quickly.

#### If net present value is greater than the cost of capital, the modified rate of return and modified internal rate of return will be higher.

Positive net present value (NPV) denotes that the project adds value greater than the cost of capital, resulting in higher modified rates of return (MRR and MIRR) that are greater than the cost of capital. Option an is the proper response as a result.

#### The projected net present value and capital rates are shown on a graph that is referred to as

The relationship between project net present value (NPV) and capital rates is examined in the net present value profile, a plotted graph. By identifying the range of viable (positive NPV) and unviable (negative NPV) rates, it aids in analyzing the project's sensitivity to changes in discount rates. This useful tool supports investment choices by offering insights into project risk and return characteristics at various levels of cost of capital. Based on the company's risk tolerance and cost of capital, managers can use this information to evaluate the financial viability of the project and choose the appropriate discount rate.

#### The proposal with the early cash flows will be more attractive for two conventional contracts with identical cumulative cash flows if the discount rate is higher.

The discount rate calculates how future cash flows are discounted to their present value, measuring the time value of money. The present value of future cash flows decreases as the discount rate rises. In the present, early cash flows are more valuable.

#### The net present value of projects whose cash flows are adequate to cover the cost of capital invested at the expected rate of return is

The net present value (NPV) of a project will be zero when the cash flows are adequate to repay the capital invested at the required rate of return.

#### Sensitivity analysis provides useful insight into the sensitivity of a project's NPV to a change in one (or more) input variables.

This is a true statement. Sensitivity analysis is a valuable technique used in capital budgeting and investment evaluation to determine how sensitive the net present value (NPV) of a project is to changes in one or more input variables.

#### The single point where the NPV profiles of two projects that are mutually exclusive intersect represents the discount rate as .

Fisher's rate of intersection is the discount rate related to the single intersection of the NPV profiles of two mutually exclusive projects. The discount rate at which the NPVs of two projects that are mutually exclusive are equal is known as Fisher's rate of intersection. This indicates that at this discount rate, the projects' present values are equal.

#### In general, a business should pursue projects with positive internal rates of return.

The internal rate of return (IRR) should be greater than the required rate of return (cost of capital), which is the discount rate at which the net present value (NPV) of the project becomes zero. A positive IRR indicates increased cash flows, but it does not guarantee the financial viability or profitability of the project. A company must compare the IRR of a project to its required rate of return or cost of capital in order to make sound investment decisions. If the IRR exceeds the cost of capital, the project is financially attractive and likely to increase the value of the company as a whole. Generally, if the IRR is less than the cost of capital, the project is deemed acceptable, and vice versa.

#### A project is typically deemed acceptable if it has a net present value of .

When the project's present value of cash inflows exceeds its present value of outflows, the NPV is positive. This indicates that a profit is anticipated from the project. An NPV of zero indicates that the project's present value of cash inflows and outflows are the same. This indicates that the project should become profitable.

#### Two projects are compared using common life in a cash flow analysis and are categorized as .

When two projects are compared in cash flow analysis using the common life assumption, both the replacement chain approach and the common life approach .

#### One could say that a company's future success depends on its capital expenditures.

Investments in capital are essential to a company's future success, as they directly affect profits and expansion. Poor or insufficient investments impede growth potential and market demand, whereas wise investments improve production capacity, efficiency, and competitiveness. The effectiveness and efficiency of capital investments are crucial to a company's future success.

#### Results of internal rate of return and net present value in the evaluation of independent projects result in

Both the internal rate of return (IRR) and net present value (NPV) methods for evaluating independent projects arrive at the same conclusion regarding whether to accept or reject the project.

#### As long as the rate of return on the firm's least profitable investment project is lower than the marginal cost of capital, the firm should continue to increase its level of capital investment.

The price of obtaining additional funds for investment is known as the marginal cost of capital. Only projects with a rate of return greater than the marginal cost of capital should be chosen by an organization. The company would be better off investing the money elsewhere if the rate of return on the least profitable investment project is lower than the marginal cost of capital.

#### A project's profitability index (PI) of.92 indicates that___.

By dividing benefits by costs, the profitability index calculates a project's effectiveness. A PI greater than 1 indicates profitability, while one of one indicates break-even. A project with a 0.92 PI does not result in a total loss, but rather returns 92 cents for every dollar invested.

#### Process used by project managers to add value for the company is categorized as .

The process a company uses to assess and rank investment projects in order to maximize value is known as capital budgeting. Analyzing opportunities and allocating resources while taking initial investment, cash inflows, profitability, risk, and alignment with company goals into account are all part of the process. Making wise investment decisions that produce value for stakeholders and shareholders while effectively using resources is the aim.

#### Cashflows for the terminal year include the salvage value of the project's assets.

The residual value or the sum that can be realized from selling the assets at the conclusion of the project's useful life is referred to as the salvage value of project assets. The salvage value is, in fact, taken into account when determining the terminal year cash flows for a project.