FREE BOSR Screening Concept Questions and Answers

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Short, factual narrative descriptions of a child's behavior. These records should be factual and should not include judgments:

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Explanation:
Anecdotal records are brief, factual narratives that describe a child's behavior in specific situations or contexts. These records focus on providing factual information about the child's actions, interactions, and responses without including any personal opinions or judgments. Anecdotal records are valuable tools used by educators, caregivers, and professionals to document and track children's development and behavior over time.

An instrument intended to identify and monitor normal development or possible developmental delay is called:

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Explanation:
Screening is the process of using standardized tools or instruments to identify individuals who may have developmental delays or disorders. It is designed to detect potential issues early and determine if further assessment or intervention is necessary. Screening tools are typically brief and focused on specific developmental domains, allowing for efficient identification of concerns.

A childcare worker recognizes and notes an identifiable performance or behavior and uses instruments such as checklists, anecdotal records, and running records. These instruments are used to measure progress against a standard and to share results with assessment experts. This is called:

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Explanation:
Observation involves systematically watching and noting specific behaviors or performances of children in various contexts. Instruments such as checklists, anecdotal records, and running records are used to record observations and document children's progress over time. Unlike assessment or evaluation, observation focuses on gathering data through direct observation rather than making judgments or interpretations about the data.

When you hide the fact that you are observing a child's actions (from the child):

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Explanation:
Covert observation refers to the practice of observing a child's actions without their knowledge or awareness. In covert observation, the observer conceals the fact that they are observing the child, allowing for more natural and uninfluenced behavior. This approach is often used to study behavior in real-life settings without the observer's presence affecting the child's actions.

During this observation, the observer is concealed behind a screen or a 2-way mirror and does not interact with a child:

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Explanation:
Non-participant observation involves the observer remaining concealed and not interacting with the child being observed. The observer may use tools such as a screen or a two-way mirror to observe the child's behavior without directly engaging with them. This approach allows for the collection of data in a naturalistic setting without the observer's presence influencing the child's behavior.

This observation allows you to interact with the child and ask them to do certain things:

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Explanation:
Participant observation involves actively engaging with the child and participating in their activities while also observing their behavior. In this approach, the observer interacts with the child, asks them to perform specific tasks or activities, and directly engages in their environment. Participant observation allows for a deeper understanding of the child's perspective and experiences by immersing the observer in the child's world.

Brief achievement test geared to show whether a child is ready to benefit from a special program:

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Explanation:
A readiness test is specifically designed to assess a child's preparedness or readiness to benefit from a particular educational program or intervention. It typically evaluates foundational skills, developmental milestones, or specific criteria relevant to the special program in question. Readiness tests help determine if a child has the necessary skills or prerequisites to engage successfully in the program and can inform decisions about program placement or eligibility.

Records that during a specific period of time, the person who is observing the child writes everything the child does and says/this tool is especially helpful in looking at social behavior:

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Explanation:
A running record is a detailed narrative account of everything a child does and says during a specific period of time, typically recorded as it happens. This tool is particularly useful for observing and analyzing a child's social behavior, interactions, and communication skills in real-time. Running records provide a comprehensive and chronological record of the child's actions and behaviors, allowing educators and caregivers to gain insights into the child's social development and identify areas for support or intervention.

Who is in the best position to detect early problems and provide accurate, timely information about the child's development?

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Explanation:
Childcare workers, including early childhood educators and caregivers, often spend significant time with children in various settings such as daycare centers, preschools, and early intervention programs. They have the opportunity to observe children's behavior, interactions, and developmental progress on a regular basis. Childcare workers are trained to recognize signs of developmental delays or concerns and can provide valuable insights and observations to parents, pediatricians, and other professionals. Therefore, they are often in the best position to detect early problems and provide accurate, timely information about the child's development.

When you do not hide the fact that you are observing a child's actions:

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Explanation:
Overt observation refers to openly and transparently observing a child's actions without attempting to conceal the fact that they are being observed. In overt observation, the observer is visible to the child, and there is no attempt to hide the observation process. This approach is often used when the observer wants to study natural behaviors or interactions in a non-intrusive manner.

Changes in body shape and proportion include changes in weight, height, visual perception, hearing, etc.

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Explanation:
The description provided refers to changes related to the physical aspects of development, such as body shape, weight, height, and sensory perception (visual perception, hearing). These changes are indicative of physical growth and development, which are essential components of overall physical health.

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