FREE BCSE Pathology Questions and Answers

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Which histological feature best describes chronic inflammation?

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The invasion of mononuclear cells, especially macrophages and lymphocytes, including plasma cells, is a hallmark of chronic inflammation.

Which virus on this list is linked to cervical cancer?

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Cervical cancer growth is highly correlated with HPV infection, especially with high-risk strains like HPV-16 and HPV-18.

What is a major histological characteristic of thyroiditis caused by Hashimoto's?

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Hürthle cells, which are larger follicular cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm, are indicative of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Which kidney stone kind is most prevalent among the following?

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The most prevalent kind of kidney stone is calcium oxalate, which usually develops as a result of elevated calcium or oxalate levels in the urine.

In rheumatoid arthritis, which of the following is the main site of inflammation?

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The main cause of rheumatoid arthritis is inflammation of the synovium, which can result in synovial hyperplasia and the eventual decomposition of bone and cartilage.

What is the main pathogenic mechanism that causes diabetes mellitus type 1?

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Insulin insufficiency is the outcome of the autoimmune death of pancreatic beta cells in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

What characteristic is present in a sickle cell anemia patient's blood smear during a vaso-occlusive crisis?

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Because of their unusual form and higher adhesiveness, sickled red blood cells stand out in a blood smear during a vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell anemia.

Which of the following best describes the histology of Alzheimer's disease?

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Neurofibrillary tangles, intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease.

What causes emphysema in the first place?

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In addition to being primarily brought on by cigarette smoking, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can also cause emphysema by promoting unopposed protease activity and damaging alveolar tissue.

What distinguishing characteristic of acute tubular necrosis is it?

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Granular casts in the urine are indicative of acute tubular necrosis (ATN), which is caused by the sloughing off of necrotic renal tubular epithelial cells.

Which of the following describes Crohn's disease characteristically?

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Skip lesions, or sections of damaged intestine dotted with segments of healthy bowel, are representative of Crohn's disease.

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