FREE Bachelor of Theology Christian Ethics Questions and Answers

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Which of the following must be true in order for us to have good reason to rely on religion for moral guidance?

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For moral guidance from religion to be justified and meaningful, we must have good reasons for our belief in God, a discerning process for selecting religious texts, and a reliable method for accurately interpreting the chosen texts' moral teachings. These requirements help establish a coherent and internally consistent moral framework based on one's religious beliefs.

What does good moral character involve, according to the text?

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Good moral character involves doing the right thing because it's the right thing to do. This means that individuals with good moral character act ethically and make decisions based on principles of right and wrong, rather than being driven by external rewards, fear of punishment, or personal gain. They demonstrate honesty, integrity, compassion, and fairness in their actions and interactions with others, even when it may be challenging or inconvenient. Good moral character reflects a commitment to upholding ethical values and a sense of responsibility to do what is just and virtuous.

What exactly is the Divine Command Theory?

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The Divine Command Theory is a moral theory that posits that the foundation of morality is based on the commands or will of God or the divine. According to this theory, an action is morally right if and only if it is commanded or willed by God, and an action is morally wrong if and only if it is forbidden or disapproved by God.

According to this course's definition of Christian ethics, there are four reasons to study it:

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These four reasons highlight the significance of studying Christian Ethics in understanding and navigating the complexities of moral decision-making within the context of Christian faith and values. It underscores the importance of grounding ethical choices in thoughtful reflection, theological insights, and an integrated understanding of one's beliefs and actions.

John, a precursor of Jesus, declares that sins are forgiven and does:

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John's baptism was a baptism of repentance, and it signified a person's willingness to turn away from sin and prepare their hearts for the coming of the Messiah, who was Jesus Christ. John emphasized that he baptized with water, but the one who would come after him, Jesus, would baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire, signifying a deeper spiritual cleansing and transformation.

There are three main perspectives on the issue of war among evangelicals. Recognize these positions.

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These three positions represent different ethical stances within the evangelical community concerning the use of force and participation in armed conflicts. Each position reflects a distinct interpretation of biblical teachings and theological considerations regarding the ethics of war and peace.

What issue does the Euthyphro's query from Socrates pose for the Divine Command Theory?

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The Euthyphro dilemma challenges the coherence of the Divine Command Theory by questioning whether God's commands are the basis of morality or whether there is an independent standard of morality that God adheres to. This philosophical problem has been a subject of debate among ethicists and theologians and has led to various responses and refinements to the Divine Command Theory in attempts to address the dilemma.

Which of the following statements best supports the claim that morality was created by God?

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The premise "Every law requires a lawmaker" is indeed a foundational component of the argument for God's creation of morality. This argument, often referred to as the moral argument for the existence of God, is a philosophical and theological position that posits God as the ultimate source and lawmaker of morality.

Why is it problematic to interpret religious teachings literally?

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A literal reading of religious texts can be problematic for various reasons, and one of the key issues is that such texts can contain internal contradictions.

Which of the following assumptions was this chapter not concerned with?

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"All religions teach basically the same moral message" was not examined. The discussion covered topics related to the purpose of human creation, the significance of the Resurrection in Christianity, and the relationship between God and humanity. However, the claim that all religions teach the same moral message was not addressed in the provided responses.

The following three relativistic ethical choices are covered in this course:

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The three relativistic ethical options discussed in this course are Cultural Relativism, Ethical Subjectivism (Individual Relativism), and Situation Ethics. These perspectives highlight the diversity of ethical frameworks and the challenges of grappling with moral relativism in various contexts.

What is the name for someone who doubts the existence of God?

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The term for a person who is not sure or uncertain about the existence of God or gods is "agnostic." Agnosticism is a philosophical position that asserts that the existence of God or the supernatural is unknown, unknowable, or cannot be proven or disproven based on available evidence and human understanding. Agnostics typically withhold belief in the existence or non-existence of God, opting for an attitude of skepticism or agnosticism on the matter. They may neither affirm nor deny the existence of God, maintaining an open-minded stance and acknowledging the limitations of human knowledge in addressing questions of ultimate reality or the divine.

The Christian must pay taxes, submit to pagan and Christian authority, and fulfill his or her obligations to the state.

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What connection is there between moral motivation and religion?

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It's essential to recognize that individuals have diverse moral motivations, and these motivations can be influenced by various factors, including religious beliefs, cultural upbringing, societal norms, and personal experiences. While religion plays a significant role in the moral development of many individuals and communities, it is not the sole source of moral motivation for everyone. People can be motivated to act morally and ethically by a combination of factors, both religious and non-religious.

Which of the following statements is true, according to the deist?

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The claim "God exists but does not give us commands" would be accepted by a deist. Deism is a philosophical and theological position that posits the existence of a creator or God but suggests that this God does not intervene in the affairs of the world or interact with human beings through revelation, miracles, or direct communication.

Morality is described as what we should do, whereas ethics is defined as what we do.

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In general usage, the terms "ethics" and "morals" are often used interchangeably, and their meanings can vary depending on context. However, in ethical and philosophical discussions, there is a distinction between ethics and morals, and their definitions are not as stated in the statement.

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