FREE Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering MCQ Questions and Answers

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A visual tool that estimates the break-even point and profit potential under various output and cost scenarios is called

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A visual tool that estimates the break-even point and profit potential under various output and cost scenarios is called a "break-even chart" or "break-even analysis." This tool helps businesses and individuals understand the level of sales or output needed to cover their costs and start generating a profit. It's a valuable tool for decision-making and financial planning.

In studies of project appraisal, "intangibles" are those things that

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In project appraisal studies, 'intangibles' are those items which can neither be quantified nor translated into money terms. Intangible factors are typically aspects of a project or investment that are important but are difficult to measure in monetary terms. These factors might include things like reputation, brand value, customer satisfaction, and social or environmental impact. While they can have significant influence on the success of a project, they don't have clear and easily quantifiable monetary values.

The entire cost in break-even analysis is comprised of

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In break-even analysis, total cost consists of both fixed costs and variable costs. Fixed costs remain constant regardless of the level of production or sales, while variable costs change based on the level of output.

What does the work study sign "D" mean?

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In work study, the symbol "D" typically represents delay or temporary storage. In process charts or flowcharts used in work study, different symbols are used to represent various activities and elements of a process. The "D" symbol is often used to indicate a pause or delay in the process or temporary storage of items or information.

Break-even represents the

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The break-even point represents the level of sales or production at which total revenue equals total costs, resulting in neither profit nor loss. It is not the time when an industry will undergo a loss; rather, it's the point where a business covers all its costs and starts transitioning into a profit-making phase as sales continue to increase beyond the break-even point.

The steps in a break-even analysis include

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Break-even analysis consists of analyzing both fixed and variable costs to determine the point at which total costs are equal to total revenue, resulting in zero profit or loss.

What does the work study sign "O" mean?

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In work study, the symbol "O" typically represents an operation. In process charts or flowcharts used in work study, different symbols are used to represent various activities and elements of a process. The "O" symbol is often used to indicate a discrete step or operation within a process.

The selling price of a product is affected by elements including its cost structure, which includes

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All these factors helps in setting a pricing strategy that aligns with market conditions, covers costs, remains competitive, and provides profitability.

Work study is focused on

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Work study is concerned with improving present methods and finding standard time for completing tasks efficiently. Work study involves analyzing work processes, tasks, and activities in order to identify opportunities for improvement and optimization. It aims to enhance productivity, reduce waste, and establish standardized methods for performing tasks.

Break-even analysis indicates success when

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When sales revenue exceeds total costs, a profit is generated. In the context of break-even analysis, once sales revenue surpasses both variable and fixed costs, the business starts to make a profit.

Work-fundamental study's tool is

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One of the basic tools used in work study, particularly in time study, is a stopwatch. A stopwatch is used to accurately measure the time taken to perform various tasks or activities. It helps in observing and recording the time required for each element of a task, which is then used to calculate the standard time needed to complete the task efficiently.

A job's allotted time is equal to standard time +

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The "standard time" refers to the amount of time that is determined as the optimal time required to complete a task, considering efficient work methods and conditions. On the other hand, the "policy allowance" is an additional amount of time that is added to the standard time to account for various factors such as personal breaks, minor interruptions, and other allowances not included in the standard time calculation.

For, the simplex approach is employed.

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Linear programming is a mathematical method used to optimize (maximize or minimize) a linear objective function while satisfying a set of linear constraints. The simplex method is a widely used algorithm within linear programming for solving optimization problems by iteratively moving along the edges of the feasible region to find the optimal solution.

In the automotive sector, material handling is carried out by

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These various methods of material handling are used to efficiently move and transport materials, components, and vehicles within the manufacturing and assembly processes in the automobile industry. Each method serves specific purposes and is used based on factors like the weight of the materials, the distance they need to be moved, and the specific requirements of the production line.

The substance is inspected as it approaches its end under perpetual inventory control.

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In perpetual inventory control, the material is checked as it reaches its minimum value. This minimum value is often referred to as the "reorder point." When the inventory level of a material reaches the minimum value (reorder point), it triggers the initiation of a new order to replenish the stock and maintain a sufficient quantity on hand. This helps to prevent stockouts and ensure a smooth production or supply process.

The following basic hand motions are studied during micromotions.

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There are typically 18 fundamental hand motions identified in micromotion studies. These motions are broken down into basic movements that the human hand can perform, and they provide insights into the most efficient ways to perform a task by minimizing unnecessary movements.

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