FREE Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm.) Human Anatomy & Physiology Questions and Answers

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The bone of the upper jaw is

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The maxilla make up the majority of the palate as well as the upper jaw. It has the upper row of teeth fastened in it.

An example of the shoulder joint is:

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Known also as the humero-scapular joint. It's a specific kind of ball and socket joint (most flexible and movable joint).

Hyaline cartilages in the C shape are found in

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In order for a large mass of air to travel through the trachea and a large mass of food to pass down the oesophagus during swallowing, the cartilage ring in the trachea must be C-shaped.

Glucose reabsorption primarily occurs in:

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Secondary active transport allows for the reabsorption of glucose in PCT (proximal convulated tubules) regardless of concentration gradient. It is sodium transporter medium that is reabsorbed.

Carbon dioxide buildup in the lungs is referred to as

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Asphyxia is a disorder that causes a severe drop in oxygen levels in the body, which is followed by an increase in CO2 and results in death, loss of consciousness, and loss of pulse.

Which of these glands functions both exocrine and endocrinely?

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Insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin are secreted by the pancreas as part of its endocrine function, which aids in food digestion.

Tonsils can be found in

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Near the oropharynx and nasopharynx are lymphoepithelial tissues called the palatine tonsils and nasophareangeal tonsils.

The kidney's fundamental unit is

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The kidney's fundamental structural and functional unit is the nephron.

There are parotid glands in the

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A significant salivary gland in humans is the parotid gland.

The layer of the endocardium is

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The innermost layer of tissue lining the heart's chambers is called the endocardium.

The hormone that affects the body's basic metabolic rate is

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The basal metabolic rate is increased by thyroxin. By raising oxygen consumption and ATP generation rates, it boosts the creation of body heat. Lipid and glucose metabolism are caused.

Tetany is a relative of

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Muscles contracting against their will is known as tetany. Hypocalcemia is the cause of it.

Peritonium is an

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The name for the serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity is "peritoneum."

Melatonin is produced by the

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The pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin. It also aids in the regulation of the body's other hormones and circadian rhythm.

Succus entericus has a connection to

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The mucous glands of the colon secrete succus entericus, or intestinal juice. It balances the hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach.

The backup pacemaker is

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When the SA node is unable to produce an impulse, the AV node takes over as the pacemaker and produces 40 to 60 impulses per minute. Therefore, the AV node is referred to as the backup cardiac pacemaker.

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