FREE AP US History Period 1 (1491 – 1607) Question and Answers

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Which of the following statements accurately describes a significant effect of the Spanish perspective on Native Americans?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Imperial powers looked to African slaves to preserve productivity in colonial commercial ventures as Native populations perished from disease and warfare brought about by European colonization.

Cite the engraving from the late 16th century that is shown below:

What made it possible for the Europeans to subjugate the Native Americans?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Native Americans lacked the metal armor, weapons, and horses that Europeans had. Millions of Indians who lacked protection also perished from diseases including small pox, measles, and others.

Cite the engraving from the late 16th century that is shown below:

Which of the following claims about the effects of European colonialism is true?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Imperial powers attempted to increase their influence in continental Europe by using the silver from the Potosi mines (seen above). Joint stock corporations and other economic developments started to supplant feudalism, along with capitalism.

Refers to the illustration depicting the effects of smallpox on the Aztec population from the 16th century that is shown below.
Why were Native Americans susceptible to diseases brought over from Europe?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Numerous epidemics, including the Black Death, were made easier to spread in Europe over the centuries by close contact with animals and the development of huge cities. The absence of these elements in the New World made Native Americans particularly susceptible to devastating diseases like smallpox.

Which response most accurately sums up Spanish perceptions of the de las Casas report?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Native Americans were viewed by Spanish authorities as inferior people who should work on plantations, in mines, and in other industries in order to benefit Spain.

Cite the engraving from the late 16th century that is shown below:

What impact, if any, did Native American culture have on Europeans?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Europeans picked up the habits of eating items that were exclusive to the New World, such drinking chocolate and smoking tobacco.

Which of the following statements best encapsulates the Spanish empire's social structure?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The foundation of the Spanish empire was a precise ranking system that grounded social standing on race. Settlers from Spain had the greatest rank, followed by Spanish subjects born in the colonies, than persons of bi-racial origin, followed indigenous peoples, and finally, Africans were at the bottom.

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