FREE AP European History Exam 1815-1914 Question and Answers

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Which famous English poet did not belong to the Romantic movement?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Alexander Pope was a prominent English satirical writer and poet of the early 18th century, prior to the Romantic period. While William Blake, who was less widely known during his lifetime but is today regarded as one of the major Romantic Age artists, was not as well known during his lifetime as William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, they are both regarded as the founding fathers of English Romantic poetry.

During the 19th century, Britain and France assisted in maintaining the Ottoman Empire because

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Because of their concern over Russian expansion into the southern Balkans, Britain and France continued to support the Ottoman Empire's decline in the 19th century, even going so far as to engage Russia in the Crimean War. Up until later, when Germany's threat grew significantly, Russia was seen to be the major danger to the Balkans and the Mediterranean. It is inaccurate to say that there was a rise in religious tolerance in Britain during the Victorian era because diplomacy in the Balkans or Asia Minor had nothing to do with this. It is untrue that the Ottomans helped them prevent Greece from gaining independence; rather, the British sympathized with the Greek people. It is erroneous to hold Abdul Hamid II in high esteem because, at the time, diplomacy had little to do with high admiration for certain individuals.

Millions of people died as a result of the _______________________, a significant upheaval in 19th-century China that undermined the imperial government and made it dependent on assistance from Britain and France.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
An internal uprising known as the Taiping Rebellion was supported by the God-Worshipping Society, a religious cult. It lasted from 1850 to 1864 and was fought over economic issues. It caused the deaths of more than 20 million people. Imperial forces in China started utilizing soldiers supplied by Britain and France in order to eventually put an end to the uprising. They also employed mercenaries, with American Frederick Ward being the most well-known in that fight. Boxer Rebellion is wrong as the Boxer Rebellion did not result in the deaths of millions of people, and it was fought in 1900. The Chinese government was however made weaker by the Boxer Rebellion. The liberation of China from foreign occupation was of great concern to the Boxers. As a result, Christian missionaries were frequently persecuted for representing what some Chinese people viewed as a completely foreign religion. China was required to make amends to the foreign nations that had intervened to quell the insurrection after the Boxers were vanquished. Communist Rebellion and Cultural Revolution are inaccurate as the Communist Revolution did not place until 1948 and the Cultural Revolution did not happen until the 1960s.

Which of the following territories was under British rule in the 1800s and has not yet achieved independence?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Gibraltar is still a part of the British Empire. Its six square kilometer area is said to be strategically important because it guards the Mediterranean Sea's entry. The territory was taken from Spain by the British in 1704, and ever since, it has been "perpetually" surrendered to Britain by various treaties. The majority of Gibraltar's residents do not want independence. Cyprus, Malta, and Egypt are all untrue. Egypt, Malta, and Cyprus all received independence declarations before 1922, 1960, and 1964, respectively.

Bosnia-Herzegovina was seized by Austria-Hungary in 1908 to

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
With the emergence of a new independent Bulgaria and the rise to power of Serbian nationalists in Serbia, the Austro-Hungarians were scared of a new force to their south. As a result, they seized Bosnia-Herzegovina without consulting anybody in 1908, almost sparking a massive conflict. It is inaccurate to say that Austria-Hungary sealed its alliance with Russia because the two countries had a rivalry, not an alliance. It is erroneous to allow the British navy to utilize Adriatic ports because Austria-Hungary was not a British ally. Because the Austro-Hungarians despised Slavs and would not want another Slavic state on their borders, facilitating the establishment of a southern Slavic state is erroneous.

All of the following factors contributed to tensions between Britain and Germany between 1900 and 1914. EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
At this point, Germany and Russia were not allies. Russia had alliances with both France and Britain. While it is true that Germany had aspirations of rivaling the British fleet, calling it a naval race is wrong. It is inaccurate to call them "colonial rivalries" because they existed between all of the European superpowers. It is inaccurate to say that German engagement in the Balkans has increased, especially in light of the anticipated train connection between Germany and Baghdad.

The following individuals all made significant contributions to Romanticism's visual and written arts. EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The only artist not associated with the Romantic movement was Louis David. He was of French neoclassical style and is renowned for his portraits of the French Revolutionary leaders and heroes. Later, Napoleon Bonaparte's court commissioned him as an official painter.

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