FREE Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner Trivia Questions and Answers

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What controls appetite?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Leptin: This hormone is produced by fat cells and signals the brain to decrease hunger and increase energy expenditure.

What hormone prevents the body from releasing glucagon?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Amylin is another hormone that can suppress glucagon release in addition to insulin. Amylin is co-secreted with insulin by the beta cells of the pancreas in response to high blood glucose levels. It acts to slow down gastric emptying, reduce food intake, and suppress the release of glucagon, all of which contribute to the overall control of blood glucose levels. The combination of insulin and amylin working together helps to prevent hyperglycemia after meals.

Who looks after the patients?

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Explanation:
Nurses play a critical role in the care of patients, providing compassionate, competent, and patient-centered care that promotes health and well-being.

What causes cells to shrink in hyperglycemia?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
While it is true that water can follow glucose in certain circumstances, such as when glucose is transported across cell membranes via glucose transporters, this does not fully explain why cells shrink in hyperglycemia.
In hyperglycemia, the high concentration of glucose in the bloodstream can lead to a process called osmotic diuresis. Osmotic diuresis occurs when the concentration of glucose in the urine is higher than in the body's cells, which creates an osmotic gradient that draws water out of the cells and into the urine. This process can cause cells to become dehydrated and shrink in size.

Which of these causes diabetes to increase most?

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Explanation:
High blood sugar levels are a defining characteristic of diabetes. However, it is important to understand that diabetes is a complex condition that involves multiple factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors.
High sugar intake can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, particularly if it leads to weight gain and obesity. However, it is important to note that sugar consumption alone is not the sole cause of diabetes. Other factors, such as family history, ethnicity, and age, also play a role.

Which types of insulin cannot be combined?

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Explanation:
Long-acting insulin (such as insulin glargine or insulin detemir) should not be mixed with any other type of insulin. These types of insulin are designed to provide a steady, baseline level of insulin over a long period of time, and mixing them with other types of insulin can alter their absorption and effectiveness.

What does autogenic training essentially mean?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Repeating words and sentences can be a component of autogenic training, the basic meaning of autogenic training is more comprehensive than simply repeating positive affirmations.
Autogenic training is a relaxation technique that involves self-regulation and self-suggestion to achieve a state of deep relaxation and reduce stress and anxiety. It typically involves a series of exercises that focus on different parts of the body, with the aim of promoting feelings of warmth, heaviness, and relaxation.

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