FREE ACBN Nutritionist Trivia Questions and Answers
BCAAs are a necessary amino acid and are crucial for energy during exercise.
The digestive enzyme pepsin helps break down proteins into smaller peptides and is produced in the stomach. It is a key enzyme that breaks down proteins and functions best in an acidic environment. Pepsin is secreted as a dormant precursor known as pepsinogen, which activates the stomach's hydrochloric acid. Once activated, pepsin starts to cut the protein molecules' peptide bonds, reducing them to smaller peptides that other enzymes can further break down. Pepsin is necessary for the digestion and absorption of dietary protein, which can be used to sustain energy requirements during physical activity, even though it is not directly involved in creating energy during exercise.
Blood vessels direct blood toward the heart to replenish oxygen and eliminate waste.
Blood vessels, called veins, convey waste materials and oxygen toward the heart as they transport blood there. Veins return deoxygenated blood to the heart, unlike arteries, which transport oxygenated blood from the heart to the body's tissues. After arteries give oxygenated blood to the tissues, tiny capillaries collect the deoxygenated blood, combining with larger venules to form veins. The blood in the veins is returned to the heart and lungs for reoxygenation. Compared to arteries, veins have thinner walls and one-way valves that help prevent blood from flowing backward as it moves toward the heart. Instead of the heart's pumping function, as it does in arteries, the primary forces that carry blood through veins are muscle contractions and breathing. Veins remove waste products from the body's tissues, including carbon dioxide and metabolic waste, in addition to returning deoxygenated blood to the heart.
Vaporized tiny particles.
Aerosols or "particulate matter" are popular terms for small vaporized particles. On the other hand, volatile molecules are those that, at room temperature, has the propensity to vaporize or evaporate quickly. Their high vapor pressures and low boiling points are frequently used to describe them. Volatile compounds are found in some fuels, solvents, and essential oils. Although they can aid in the creation of aerosols, volatile molecules are not always the same as one another. Aerosols can be made up of a variety of airborne particles, such as liquid droplets or solid particles suspended in the atmosphere, as well as dust, smoke, and other contaminants. Aerosols are a crucial field of research in atmospheric science and public health because they can significantly affect air quality, human health, and climate change.
An enzyme that digests proteins into smaller peptides and free amino acids is released in the stomach.
Proteins are broken down into smaller peptides and free amino acids by the enzyme pepsin, which is secreted in the stomach. It is a key enzyme that breaks down proteins and functions best in an acidic environment. Pepsin is secreted as a dormant precursor known as pepsinogen, which activates the stomach's hydrochloric acid. Pepsin breaks down protein molecules into smaller peptides that can either be absorbed as free amino acids or further digested by other enzymes once activated.
Organ system in charge of gas exchange and both internal and external respiration.
The respiratory system carries out gas exchange and respiration, including internal and exterior respiration. Internal respiration is the interchange of gases between the blood and tissues within the body, as opposed to external respiration, which is the exchange of gases between the lungs and blood. The lungs, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and diaphragm are among the various organs that comprise the respiratory system and cooperate to promote the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The main respiratory organs are the lungs, where gas exchange occurs in the tiny air sacs called alveoli encircled by blood vessels. While carbon dioxide from the blood diffuses into the lungs to be exhaled during exhalation, oxygen is taken into the lungs and diffuses into the bloodstream during inhalation. The respiratory system also maintains the body's acid-base balance by regulating the amounts of carbon dioxide and bicarbonate in the blood.
The method of breakdown.
The breakdown process that takes place in living things is referred to as "catabolic." In catabolic reactions, complex molecules are broken down into simpler ones, frequently releasing energy that can be used for other biological activities. In addition to being necessary for basic life functions like digestion, respiration, and metabolism, catabolic reactions are also vital for maintaining energy balance. The breakdown of glucose during cellular respiration to release energy, the breakdown of glycogen to give glucose for energy during exercise, and the breakdown of proteins into amino acids for energy or to be used as building blocks for other molecules are examples catabolic processes. Anabolic reactions, which need energy input and involve synthesizing complex molecules from simpler ones, are frequently combined with catabolic ones. Together, these two procedures balance the body's metabolic functions.
Diabetes and other potential reasons for low blood sugar.
Low blood sugar levels are called hypoglycemia, often indicated by a reading of less than 70 mg/dL. Diabetes is one of the most common reasons for hypoglycemia, but there are other possible causes. When too much insulin is consumed or created, glucose levels fall below normal; hypoglycemia can happen in people with diabetes. Some drugs, excessive alcohol use, prolonged fasting, and uncommon genetic abnormalities are additional causes of hypoglycemia. Depending on how serious the disease is, hypoglycemia symptoms can range from weakness to sweating to tremors to confusion to, in extreme situations, a loss of consciousness or convulsions. To swiftly raise blood glucose levels, fast-acting carbohydrates like those found in juice or candy are commonly consumed as part of hypoglycemia treatment.