Cyber Security Practice Test

Cyber Security Practice Test

The practice of securing systems, networks, and programs from digital threats is known as cybersecurity. These cyberattacks are typically aimed at gaining access to, altering, or destroying sensitive data, extorting money from users, or disrupting normal corporate activities.

Due to the growing reliance on computer systems, the Internet, and wireless network standards such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, as well as the growth of “smart” devices such as smartphones, televisions, and the various devices that make up the “Internet of things,” the field is becoming increasingly important. Due to its complexity, both in terms of political use and technology, cybersecurity is one of the most critical concerns in the modern world.

Because there are more devices than humans nowadays, and attackers are growing more inventive, putting in place effective cybersecurity measures is very difficult.

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Cybersecurity Threats

Cyber-security counters three types of threats:

  1. Cybercrime – refers to individuals or groups who attack systems for monetary gain or to cause disruption.
  2. Cyber-attacks – is common in politically motivated information collection.
  3. Cyberterrorism – is to generate panic or dread by undermining electronic systems.

What methods do malicious actors use to get access to computer systems?

Here are some of the most typical ways that cyber-security is threatened:

• Malware

Malware is a term that refers to malicious software. Malware is software designed by a cybercriminal or hacker to disrupt or damage a legitimate user’s computer. It is one of the most common cyber threats.
Malware comes in a number of different forms, including:

        Virus
        Trojans
        Spyware
        Ransomware
        Adware
        Botnets

• SQL Injection

An SQL (structured language query) injection is a type of cyber-attack that allows a hacker to take control of a database and steal information from it. Using a malicious SQL query, cybercriminals exploit vulnerabilities in data-driven systems to install malicious code into a database.

• Phishing

When fraudsters send emails that look to be from a reputable company and ask for sensitive information, this is known as phishing. Phishing attacks are frequently used to trick people into divulging personal information such as credit card numbers and passwords.

• Man-in-the-middle attack

A man-in-the-middle attack is a type of cyber threat in which a hacker intercepts communication between two people in order to obtain information.

• Denial-of-service attack

A denial-of-service attack occurs when thieves flood a computer system’s networks and servers with traffic, preventing it from fulfilling legitimate requests. This makes the system unworkable, prohibiting an organization from doing essential tasks.

Latest Cyber Threats

Here are some of the most current cyber threats reported by the governments of the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia.

• Dridex Malware

Dridex is a financial trojan that can do a lot of things. It has been infecting computers since 2014, infecting them through phishing emails or existing malware.

• Romance scams

In February 2020, the FBI issued a warning to Americans about confidence fraud perpetrated by cybercriminals through dating sites, chat rooms, and apps. Victims are duped into handing out personal information by perpetrators who take advantage of those looking for new mates.

• Emotet malware

Emotet is a complex trojan that has the ability to steal data as well as install additional infections. Emotet thrives on simple passwords, which serves as a reminder of the significance of selecting a safe password to protect against cyber-attacks.

Cyber Safety Tips

How can organizations and individuals protect themselves from cyber-threats? Here are some of our best cyber-security recommendations:

1. Update your software and operating system: This ensures that you have the most up-to-date security updates.

2. Use anti-virus software: Anti-virus software, such as Kaspersky Total Security, will detect and eliminate threats.         For the highest level of security, keep your software up to date.

3. Use strong passwords: Make sure your passwords are difficult to guess.

4. Never open email attachments from unknown senders: since they may contain viruses.

5. Do not click on links in emails from unknown senders or strange websites: Malware is sometimes propagated by       clicking on links in emails from unknown senders or unfamiliar websites.

6. Avoid utilizing public WiFi networks: you’re vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks.

Cybersecurity Certifications

While most cybersecurity professionals have at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, many employers prefer candidates who have a certification to demonstrate their understanding of best practices.

  1. Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)
  2. Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
  3. Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)
  4. Security+
  5. Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  6. GIAC Security Essentials Certification (GSEC)
  7. Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP)
  8. CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP+)
  9. GIAC Certified Incident Handler (GCIH)
  10. Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)

Cyber Security Questions

Is there a cyber security program at American university?

American university cyber security program prepares students with no prior experience in the industry to be work-ready and fully competent to meet the expectations of today’s labor market by the end of the program.

What are the cyber threat intelligence requirements?

To work as an intelligence analyst, you must have at least a bachelor’s degree. Programming, computer science, and intelligence studies are all relevant degrees. A master’s degree in a relevant profession may be preferred by some hiring managers.

What are the best online colleges for cyber security?

Here are the top 5 cyber security schools online:

  1. KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY
  2. CHAMPLAIN COLLEGE
  3. DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
  4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
  5. NORWICH UNIVERSITY

What is GIAC threat intelligence?

The GIAC Cyber Threat Intelligence (GCTI) certification from the Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) is for security professionals who have technical expertise but want to demonstrate analytical proficiency.

Is it necessary to have internet security for small business?

Broadband and information technology can help small firms expand their market reach while also enhancing production and efficiency. Businesses, on the other hand, require a cybersecurity strategy to protect themselves, their customers, and their data against ever-increasing cybersecurity threats.

What are the affordable cyber security degree online?

The following is a ranking of cyber security degrees online:

                               Rank                                               School Name
                                  1Bellevue University
                                  2Western Governors University
                                  3Oklahoma State University Institute of Technology
                                  4University of Illinois-Springfield

What are the best online master’s programs for cyber security?

Here are the best online cybersecurity master’s degree as of 2021:

  1. Johns Hopkins University
  2. University of Southern California
  3. New York University
  4. George Washington University
  5. Brandeis University

What are the fastest online cyber security degree?

  1. Purdue University Global.
  2. Liberty University. .
  3. Norwich University.
  4. Old Dominion University.
  5. Grand Canyon University.
  6. Southern New Hampshire University.

What is CMMC professional certification?

The CMMC is a standard for cybersecurity certification. This standard is designed to serve as a verification mechanism to guarantee that acceptable levels of cybersecurity procedures and processes are in place, as well as to protect CUI on DoD’s industrial partners’ networks.

What is cyber essentials accreditation?

Cyber Essentials is a well-known, government-approved program that protects businesses from the most frequent cyber security online threats.

Where to get cyber security certifications?

To keep your cybersecurity certification valid, you must first pass an exam (or several examinations) and then earn continuing education units (CEUs). This demonstrates that your abilities and knowledge are in line with the requirements of today’s professions.

What is cyber penetration testing?

A penetration test, often known as a pen test, is an attempt to assess the security of an IT infrastructure by exploiting weaknesses in a safe manner. They evaluate servers, networks, web applications, mobile devices, and other potential entry points instead of checking the windows and doors.

Online Source:

https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/security/what-is-cybersecurity.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_security

https://www.coursera.org/articles/popular-cybersecurity-certifications

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