What is CogAT test?
What is CogAT test?
The Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) is a multi-choice test designed to test the child’s academic aptitude. It is used to measure brain development among children and is often used to distinguish gifted children for acceptance to gifted and talented programs throughout the United States.
This tests the general abstract reasoning skills of the exam-takers as well as the ability to apply their capacities to the Verbal, Quantitative, and Non-Verbal tasks. The main aim is to adapt the curriculum to the needs and abilities of students and to provide alternative cognitive development strategies for program placement. Also, it also distinguishes students with discrepancies between the level of achievement observed and the actual level of achievement.
Getting Started With CogAT Test
CogAT is a multi-choice examination designed to test the child’s academic ability and talent. The test measures explicit and implicit reasoning skills in three domains: verbal, quantitative, and non-verbal. These skills reflect the general efficiency of cognitive functions and techniques that allow individuals to learn new tasks and fix problems. Since these skills are closely linked to the individual’s academic success in nearly all subjects, the CogAT results help prepare successful training plans and modify the curriculum to improve the student’s chances of success in education.
The CogAT Form 7, the most popular variant of the test, evaluates brain development, and problem-solving capabilities. The examination consists of three parts called batteries:
- Verbal Battery
- Quantitative Battery
- Nonverbal Battery
These batteries can be distributed separately individually or collectively, depending on the school performing the examination. This examination is administered to students in grades K-12 and has ten different levels. The number assigned to each level corresponds to the age at which it is administered. For instance, Level 9 is designed for students who are about nine years of age and are usually given to 3rd-grade students. The examination levels for CogAT Form 7 and the grade to which they are normally conducted are as follows:
CogAT Form 7 is open to non-English speaking students because of its strongly non-verbal structure. The primary reason for the adjustments between the primary level of Form 6 and Form 7 was to accommodate the students of English Language Learners (ELL). The primary levels of Form 7 (5/6-8) now consist almost solely of non-verbal questions.
The only portion requiring language skills is the optional Sentence Completion segment, which is available in both English and Spanish. Guidelines for all levels are available in English or Spanish.
CogAT Test Administration
The duration of the administration may vary depending on how long the proctor may take to deliver the exam. Students are usually given between 30 to 45 minutes per battery. With administration time, it takes about two to three hours to finish all three batteries. Overall, the CogAT has about 118 to 176 questions, depending on the level.
How the test is given depends on the age, school, and CogAT type of your child. Here’s what you should know about the administration of CogAT Type 7:
- Your child is going to take the exam with a small group of students of not more than 20
- Batteries are usually administered simultaneously
- Some schools are only offering specific CogAT batteries, so it’s helpful to find out specifically what CogAT batteries your child can take.
- The CogAT exam can be performed either online or on paper.
CogAT Test Structure and Format
|Section||Subtests||Description||Allotted Time||No. of Questions|
|Verbal Battery||Verbal Classification||Emphasize the relationship between two ideas (portrayed by images or phrases, depending on the age of the pupil).||20||10 minutes|
|Sentence Completion||Complete sentences, either after reading or hearing them.||20||10 minutes|
|Verbal Analogies||Classify a given theory based on its affiliation to other concepts (portrayed by images or phrases, depending on the age of the pupil).||20||10 minutes|
|Quantitative Battery||Quantitative Relations||Ascertain the relationship between two mathematical concepts, depending on a different pair of concepts.||25||8 minutes|
|Number Series||Complete a sequence of numbers by deducting the underlying pattern.||20||10 minutes|
|Equation Building||Categorize a specific mathematical concept depending on its relation to other concepts.||15||12 minutes|
|Non-Verbal Battery||Figure Classification||Choose the shape / figure that corresponds most to a given category.||15-25||10 minutes|
|Figure Analogies||In a 2X2 matrix, classify the connection between the two top squares and apply it to the two bottom squares.||15-25||10 minutes|
|Figure Analysis||Determine the end result upon folding a hole-punched paper in a specific way.||15-25||10 minutes|
Note: The test structure provided above is for the CogAT Form 7. For information on other forms, you may visit the CogAT website at www.cogat.com.
CogAT Scoring System
The CogAT uses two forms of standards when the exams are scored: age norms and grade norms. Age norms measure how a pupil performs relative to other children of the same age. These norms range from 4 years and 11 months to 18 years. Students are divided into one-month intervals. On the other hand, grade norms measure how a student performed in the same grade relative to other students.
CogAT scores are calculated in these steps:
- Raw Score. The raw score is determined first by calculating the total number of questions answered accurately. Exam-takers do not lose a point for incorrectly answering questions.
- Universal Scale Score (USS). The raw score is then converted into a standardized score called Universal Scale Score. For each of the three batteries, there will be separate USS scores. The Composite USS is calculated by an average of these three scores.
- Standard Age Score (SAS). The Standard Age Score is a standardized age score for all Universal Scale Scores. It has an average of 100, a standard deviation of 16, and a maximum of 160. For instance, a student who received a score of 100 on the quantitative battery is deemed to have a standard rate of growth and ability in that area. In contrast, a student who gets a score of 125 on that same battery is assumed to have a faster rate of growth and ability in that area.
- Percentile Rank (PR). This tally is used to compare students with other students in their age and grade. A percentile rank of 80 implies that the student managed to score more than 80 percent of the kids who took the exam. The percentile rank of 50 is deemed to be the average.
- Stanine (S). A stanine is a rather diverse, simplified score ranging from 1-9, with 9 being the highest score. This tally is also standardized for both age and grade groups. Overall, stanine ratings provide an overall view of the academic skills of a student.
Using these scores, together with an interpretation of the trends present in the student performance, the student is issued a score profile. Score profiles give a clear, comprehensive view of the pupil’s overall performance on the CogAT, as well as individual weaknesses and strengths. A sample score profile looks like this:
The median stanine is the average stanine score that the student received for the three batteries. For example, if the student earns a stanine score of 8 on the verbal battery, a stanine score of 2 on the non-verbal battery, and a stanine score of 9 on the quantitative battery, the median stanine score would be 8.
Relative Strength (+) or Weakness (-) indicates the strength and weakness of a student. It is represented by Q, N, and V, which stands for Quantitative, Nonverbal, or Verbal Battery, respectively.
Furthermore, the Score Pattern Indicator gives parents and educators an idea of the pattern of the academic abilities of a student. The Score Pattern Indicator can be expressed by letters A, B, C, and E, with each letter representing a different skill pattern.
|Score Pattern Indicator||Meaning|
|A||The student shows the same capacity in all three batteries.|
|B||In one of the batteries, the graduate scored higher or lower than the other two, which means that they appear to have relative strength or weakness.|
|C||Two of the student grades seem to be in contrast to each other, suggesting they have both relative strength and relative weakness.|
|E||The student shows extreme variations in score, with at least two of their scores varying by 24 or more raw score points.|
Note: To help you understand your CogAT test scores, you may refer to the CogAT score interpretation, which can be accessed online or downloaded to your personal computer.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a good CogAT score?
The highest CogAT score a child will earn is 160, while 100 is considered to be the average rating. That said, having a score of more than 100 is considered to be a strong CogAT score.
What CogAT score is considered gifted?
Whether or not a CogAT score is deemed gifted is most often determined by the child’s Standard Age Score (SAS), percentile ranking, or even merely its raw score. Each gifted program differs in the specific number of points a student needs to apply for. Below are just a few examples of the gifted programs and their CogAT score criteria:
|Intertel||Raw Score of 99%|
|Bellevue School District’s Advanced Learning Services||98th Percentile|
|John Hopkins Program for Gifted & Talented Youth||Raw Score of 95%|
|Northwestern University Talent Search||Raw Score of 90%|
What is the correlation between CogAT scores and IQ?
A very small statistical correlation exists between an IQ score and the CogAT scores. Examinations such as CogAT are referred to as achievement tests and do not assess IQ. The correlation between IQ and CogAT scores does not have much predictive validity or influence. Achievement exams require a high level of determination, emotional control, and concentration on doing well on IQ tests. Note that IQ isn’t the same thing as what people usually call intelligence. It is very likely to have an average IQ rating and have an extremely good CogAT score. Someone could also have a high IQ score and have a low CogAT score.
How do school teachers identify gifted children?
Considering the need to classify gifted students, there are some common behavioral characteristics that children display that can help teachers recognize a gifted student:
- Curious and motivated
- Asks many questions
- Has a good memory
- Quickly retains information
- Masters reading skills early
- Demonstrates strong math skills
- Thinks independently
- Expresses unique, original opinions
- Has higher-level thinking abilities and problem-solving skills
- Has a strong moral compass and likes to discuss current problems and actual-life issues
What is the best way to help my child prepare for the CogAT?
Although it is crucial not to pressure children, especially the younger ones, however at the same time if you want to have your child succeed in CogAT, it is necessary to take some CogAT practice tests and get her/him to take a few tutoring. There are some offline and online CogAT practice test providers, but the challenge is to find somebody who is reliable.
CogAT Test Prep and Practice Tips
- Create a timetable for study. Study schedules can be a fantastic method of keeping a balance of your progress. They also stop you from getting entangled in one subject and forgetting about the other.
- Stay SEN-tered. Sleep, Exercise, and Nutrition are the keys to success! Sleep deprivation, absence of exercise, and unhealthy food leads to rapid and distinct crashes; not good for learning marathons.
- Study to know more, not rank higher. While you’re most likely preparing to get a higher score, it is strongly recommended to discard this mindset. Studying for the sake of learning is far more rewarding than studying for the sake of ranking.
- Prepare even if you’re not preparing. When it comes to skills learning, the world has a lot of possibilities for you. Look around, and you’ll find plenty of ways to improve your budding student’s learning development. Baking, instructional films, and drawing are all excellent examples.
- Read each question carefully. Questions can be confusing, so take a moment to think before you try to answer one, in order to better understand what’s being questioned.
CogAT Sample Questions
The paper is being folded and punched with holes. Choose the answer choice that depicts the paper after it is unfolded.
- Image A
- Image B
- Image C
- Image D
The first pair of words are related in a certain way. Choose the word that completes a second pair of words so that they are related in the same way.
Peach → fruit : lily →
Think about how the words in the top row go together. Which word in the bottom row fits best with the words in the top row?
Jaguar Leopard Cougar
What number comes next in the series?
2 14 6 18 10 22 ?
The pictures in the boxes on the top belong together in a certain way. Choose the picture that belongs with the bottom picture in the same way the pictures on top belong together.
- Image A
- Image B
- Image C
- Image D