CNA Basic Nursing Skills 14


A Foley catheter is used

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A Foley Catheter is a sterile tube that is placed into he bladder to drain urine. It is held in place by a balloon that is inflated after being inserted. When a client has an indwelling Foley catheter, the nurse aide should check that the tubing is open so that the urine can flow from the bladder. After each position change or when the client returns to the bed or chair after being up, ensure that the tubing is not kinked or closed. The bag should be lower than the bladder to prevent backflow.

The nurse aide notices on the flow sheet that a resident has not had a bowel movement for five days. The nurse aide should

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While each person has a unique pattern of bowel movements, the normal number is 3 to 14 times a week. If there is a sudden change in pattern, or if the client has symptoms of constipation such as bloating, pain, or nausea, the cause should be examined. Adding fiber and fluids to the diet can help prevent constipation.

The nurse aide is assigned to a stroke patient with a diagnosis of aphasia. The nurse aide knows

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When a client has suffered a stroke or other head injury, the speech center of the brain can be damaged, resulting in aphasia. Main signs of aphasia include difficulty finding appropriate words when speaking, trouble understanding speech, and difficulty with reading and writing.

Type 2 diabetes is

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, usually occurring in adults who are obese and inactive. It is a chronic disease that requires ongoing medical management. While there is no cure, it can be controlled with lifestyle changes with diet and exercise. Medications can also be helpful in keeping blood sugar levels at optimal levels.

There are two kinds of restraints

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There are two categories of restraints that are meant to protect the client or others. Physical restraints are devices that are designed to restrict movement. Examples are vests, hand mitts, belts, lap trays, or bed rails. Chemical restraints are medications given to control behavior such as yelling or combative behavior. All restraints require a physician's order.

Elderly residents sometimes appear stooped over and like they have lost height. This is due to

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Osteoporosis in the spinal column can lead to a gradual loss of height and a stooped posture. The loss of calcium in the vertebral bones of the spine can cause fractures and back pain, although most of the fractures are tiny and painless. Both older men and women can get osteoporosis.

Hospice specializes in the care of persons who are

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Hospice is specialized care for clients who are terminally ill. The care includes the family and caregivers. It does not attempt to cure the client. Hospice is intended to improve the quality of life for everyone involved, by taking care of their physical, emotional, and spiritual needs.

What is the purpose of using the chain-of-command in a long-term care facility

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Every staff member has a role in providing excellent client care. With good communication, each person can work within their scope of practice and allow others with different authority to handle appropriate tasks. In a long-term facility, the CNA reports to the RN or LVN, who reports to the Director of Nursing. The facility's Administrator and Medical Director may be the people with the most responsibility.

What can the nurse aide give the resident who has an order for NPO?

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NPO is a common medical term that means the client can not eat or drink anything, including water or ice chips. A doctor orders a patient to be NPO for situations such as before surgery or certain lab work. If a client is ill or has a gastrointestinal condition, the doctor may write an order to be NPO until the cause is known. The nurse aide can provide mouth care for a client who is NPO. Placing a "NPO" sign over the client's bed will remind all staff members not to give the client anything to eat or drink.

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CNA Basic Nursing Skills 15

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