Chess pieces are separated into two groups based on color. The sets are usually referred to as “white” and “black,” even if they are not literally white and black (e.g., the light set may be a yellowish or off-white color, and the dark set may be brown or red). White and Black are the names of the players in the two sets, respectively. One king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns make up each set.
On a square board with eight rows (called ranks) and eight columns (called files), the game is played. The 64 squares are known to as light and dark squares because they alternate in color; popular chessboard colors are white and brown, or white and dark green.
The components are arranged as depicted in the diagram and photograph below. The pieces are put in the following arrangement on White’s first rank, from left to right: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, rook. A row of eight pawns is put on the second rank. Black’s position is identical to White’s, with the same piece on the same file. A light square is placed in the right-hand corner closest to each player on the board. The term “queen on her own color” might help you recall the correct places of the king and queen: the white queen starts on a light square, whereas the black queen starts on a dark square.