Chess Practice Test

Chess Practice Test

 

Chess is a two-player board game that is both enjoyable and competitive. Regarded distinguish it from kindred games like xiangqi, it is sometimes referred to as Western or international chess. After evolved from similar, much older Indian and Persian games, the modern form of the game emerged in Southern Europe during the second half of the 15th century. Chess is one of the most popular games in the world today, with millions of people playing it at home, in clubs, online, via correspondence, and in tournaments.

Chess as we know it now began in the 19th century. FIDE, the International Chess Federation, now governs chess competitions around the world (International Chess Federation). Wilhelm Steinitz became the first universally recognized World Chess Champion in 1886, while Magnus Carlsen is the current World Champion. Since the game’s conception, a vast corpus of chess theory has emerged. Chess composition contains artistic elements, and chess has affected Western culture and art, as well as having linkages to other subjects such as mathematics, computer science, and psychology.

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Chess Setup

Chess pieces are separated into two groups based on color. The sets are usually referred to as “white” and “black,” even if they are not literally white and black (e.g., the light set may be a yellowish or off-white color, and the dark set may be brown or red). White and Black are the names of the players in the two sets, respectively. One king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns make up each set.


On a square board with eight rows (called ranks) and eight columns (called files), the game is played. The 64 squares are known to as light and dark squares because they alternate in color; popular chessboard colors are white and brown, or white and dark green.


The components are arranged as depicted in the diagram and photograph below. The pieces are put in the following arrangement on White’s first rank, from left to right: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, rook. A row of eight pawns is put on the second rank. Black’s position is identical to White’s, with the same piece on the same file. A light square is placed in the right-hand corner closest to each player on the board. The term “queen on her own color” might help you recall the correct places of the king and queen: the white queen starts on a light square, whereas the black queen starts on a dark square.

Chess Movement

The colors of the pieces are assigned to players in competitive games by the organizers. White takes the first turn, after which the players alternate turns, each advancing one piece (except for castling, when two pieces are moved). A piece is moved to an empty square or to a square occupied by an opponent’s piece, which is captured and removed from play.

Each piece moves in its own way. All pieces except the pawn have the ability to capture an enemy piece if it is on a square to which they would be able to move if the square were empty.

Different types of Chess pieces

King

The king has the ability to move one tile in any direction. Castling, a special move that requires moving the king and a rook, is also available. The king is the most valuable piece; attacks on it must be resisted instantly, and if this is impossible, the game is lost immediately.

king move

Rook

A rook can move as many squares as it wants along a rank or file, but it can’t jump over other pieces. A rook is involved in the king’s castling move, along with the king.

rook move

Bishop

A bishop can move any number of squares diagonally but not across other pieces.

bishop

Queen

A queen has the abilities of both a rook and a bishop, and she can move any number of squares down a rank, file, or diagonal, but she can’t jump over other pieces.

queen

Knight

A knight can move to any square that is not on the same rank, file, or diagonal. (This creates an “L” shape, with two squares vertically and one horizontally, or two squares horizontally and one vertically.) Only the knight has the ability to leap over other pieces.

knight

Pawn

A pawn can advance to the unoccupied square directly in front of it on the same file, or it can advance two squares along the same file on its first move, as long as both squares are unoccupied. By moving to a square diagonally in front of it, a pawn can capture an opponent’s piece. En passant capture and promotion are two unique movements available to pawns.

pawn

Win the game

A game can be won in the following ways:

• Checkmate: The king is checked, and the player is unable to make any legal moves.

• Resignation: A player may resign from the game, handing it over to the opponent. In a hopeless situation, most tournament players believe it is proper etiquette to resign.

• Win on time: In timed games, a player wins if the opponent runs out of time, even if the opponent has a superior position, as long as the player has a theoretical chance to checkmate the opponent if the game were to continue.

• Forfeit: A player who cheats, breaks the regulations, or violates the tournament’s rules of conduct may be disqualified from the competition. Both players are sometimes forfeited.

Online Chess

Online chess is a type of chess that is played over the internet and allows players to compete in real time. This is accomplished through the use of Internet chess servers, which pair up players depending on their Elo or other rating system. During the COVID-19 pandemic’s quarantines, online chess saw a surge in popularity. This is due to a combination of isolation and the success of the Netflix miniseries The Queen’s Gambit, which premiered in October 2020. After the show aired, chess app downloads on the App Store and Google Play Store increased by 63 percent.

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