CBEST Reading Practice Test

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During difficult economic times, a company may apply to the court for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This legal filing, a part of the United States bankruptcy law, protects the firm from all creditors while it attempts to reorganize its business and then repay its debts. By filing Chapter 11, a company will not be closed down due to the outstanding funds it owes to a creditor. While the firm is under the protection of Chapter 11, it will usually make sweeping changes throughout the company. Employees may be laid off or fired, management may be consolidated, buildings may be sold off, and employee benefits may be affected. All changes within the company are designed to return it to profitability, repay creditors, and continue to remain viable. What is the main idea of the passage?

Correct! Wrong!

The other choices relate details about Chapter 11 bankruptcy that are discussed within the passage.

During difficult economic times, a company may apply to the court for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This legal filing, a part of the United States bankruptcy law, protects the firm from all creditors while it attempts to reorganize its business and then repay its debts. By filing Chapter 11, a company will not be closed down due to the outstanding funds it owes to a creditor. While the firm is under the protection of Chapter 11, it will usually make sweeping changes throughout the company. Employees may be laid off or fired, management may be consolidated, buildings may be sold off, and employee benefits may be affected. All changes within the company are designed to return it to profitability, repay creditors, and continue to remain viable. When a company is in Chapter 11, executives will make changes mainly:

Correct! Wrong!

The last sentence of the passage states that the changes are intended to restore the company to profitability

During difficult economic times, a company may apply to the court for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This legal filing, a part of the United States bankruptcy law, protects the firm from all creditors while it attempts to reorganize its business and then repay its debts. By filing Chapter 11, a company will not be closed down due to the outstanding funds it owes to a creditor. While the firm is under the protection of Chapter 11, it will usually make sweeping changes throughout the company. Employees may be laid off or fired, management may be consolidated, buildings may be sold off, and employee benefits may be affected. All changes within the company are designed to return it to profitability, repay creditors, and continue to remain viable. Which statement about the passage is not true?

Correct! Wrong!

The passage mentions that employee benefits can be affected during reorganization.

To “take the Fifth” means to refuse to testify against oneself in court. A person cannot be forced to testify in court if that testimony will be self-incriminating. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution states this basic principle of United States law. The Miranda decision, a 1966 Supreme Court ruling, states that under the Fifth Amendment, a suspect in police custody has the right to remain silent and to consult an attorney and that anything the person says can be used against him or her in court. This information is recited to suspects before police officers ask them any questions. Aside from protecting a person in custody and in a court of law, prohibiting self-incrimination ensures that the prosecution is responsible for the burden of proof. According to the passage, which of the following is true?

Correct! Wrong!

People cannot be forced to testify in court is not true since the passage mentions that people cannot be forced to testify if their testimony will be self-incriminating. Suspects in police custody must answer police questioning is something that is discussed in the Miranda decision, which was decided in 1966. While the Miranda decision and the Fifth Amendment are related, they are two separate distinct things.

To “take the Fifth” means to refuse to testify against oneself in court. A person cannot be forced to testify in court if that testimony will be self-incriminating. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution states this basic principle of United States law. The Miranda decision, a 1966 Supreme Court ruling, states that under the Fifth Amendment, a suspect in police custody has the right to remain silent and to consult an attorney and that anything the person says can be used against him or her in court. This information is recited to suspects before police officers ask them any questions. Aside from protecting a person in custody and in a court of law, prohibiting self-incrimination ensures that the prosecution is responsible for the burden of proof. What is the main purpose of this passage?

Correct! Wrong!

The other choices provide details about the passage but not the main purpose.

A topographic map is designed to showcase the surface features of a specific land area. These types of maps feature the area’s geography and highlight political boundaries, roads, highways, railroads, bodies of water, and some buildings. The maps show the relative positions and elevations of the natural and manmade features of the area. Which of the following would be the best introductory sentence for this passage?

Correct! Wrong!

The introductory sentence should provide an overview that ties in with the supporting details that follow. The correct answer is actually talking about the map and flows well into the sentence that follows it.

The classic opera Madame Butterfly was written by Giacomo Puccini. In the opus, an American naval officer stationed in Japan falls in love with Butterfly, a Japanese woman. He returns to America but promises to come back to marry her. When the soldier does return to Japan three years later, he is accompanied by his American wife. Shocked and humiliated, Butterfly stabs herself. She dies in the soldier’s arms as he begs her to forgive him. This passage describes characters’ feelings in Madame Butterfly as all of the following except:

Correct! Wrong!

Although this passage describes an opera, the feelings experienced by the characters would not be considered “musical”.

De facto segregation, which literally means segregation “by fact,” occurs when a specific socioeconomic group resides in an area with other families of that same demographic. Students living in those areas will typically end up going to neighborhood schools comprised of children of one minority group or one income level. Because it was not considered direct discrimination, de facto segregation was not considered unconstitutional. De facto segregation was a particularly serious problem in the racially-charged 1960s. Many elementary schools were completely racially segregated, especially in the South, with African Americans attending all-black schools, while white students attended all-white schools. Most people agreed that these schools had vast differences in buildings, materials, and staff, with students from higher-income neighborhoods enjoying an education in what can be described as a higher quality setting than their less-affluent peers at other schools. Although not often discussed, de facto segregation can still be found in our country. According to the passage, which of the following is an example of de facto segregation?

Correct! Wrong!

The passage uses schools segregated by neighborhood as an example of de facto segregation.

De facto segregation, which literally means segregation “by fact,” occurs when a specific socioeconomic group resides in an area with other families of that same demographic. Students living in those areas will typically end up going to neighborhood schools comprised of children of one minority group or one income level. Because it was not considered direct discrimination, de facto segregation was not considered unconstitutional. De facto segregation was a particularly serious problem in the racially-charged 1960s. Many elementary schools were completely racially segregated, especially in the South, with African Americans attending all-black schools, while white students attended all-white schools. Most people agreed that these schools had vast differences in buildings, materials, and staff, with students from higher-income neighborhoods enjoying an education in what can be described as a higher quality setting than their less-affluent peers at other schools. Although not often discussed, de facto segregation can still be found in our country. According to the passage, which of the following is true?

Correct! Wrong!

The only statement that can be validated by the passage is this one, discussed at the end of the passage.

Corrosion is the deterioration of a metal. This decay can be easily seen on pots, pans, jewelry, and silverware. Iron corrodes when it comes into contact with water and oxygen, with the decomposition present as rust. Copper corrodes when it is exposed to the elements, and the decay is present as a green sheen. Silver tarnishes, or corrodes after a period of time, with its deterioration apparent in a dull black covering of the silver surface. Which of the following is not stated as a reason for corrosion?

Correct! Wrong!

Deterioration from heat is not mentioned in the passage. Water and air are mentioned in the third sentence. The following sentence mentions the elements and the last sentence talks about the passage of time as a way for corrosion to occur.

A market economy, also called a “free economy,” is one in which individuals and corporations control the production, marketing, and distribution of goods and services within a society. There is a minimum of government interference in a market economy. Competition between markets keeps prices at a particular level. When prices become too high, consumers will not purchase goods, which forces sellers to adjust prices to a level where consumers will buy. Market economies have minimal government involvement; this type of economic system still requires some federal regulation. A complete market economy would mean there would be no government regulation or taxation, two components necessary to ensure that the economy keeps running. Which is a true statement about a market economy?

Correct! Wrong!

The passage notes that competition between markets keeps prices at a particular level.

In literature, the problem, usually referred to as the conflict, should be introduced in the early paragraphs of a story and should directly involve the main character. Throughout the story, the main character should to determine how the conflict will be resolved. The conflict resolution should not be obvious to the reader; instead, the reader should wonder how things are going to work out and should be connected enough with the main character so that the character's actions matter. By the end of the story, the main character should have somehow grown or changed, even just a little, from the experience. Stories in which the main character repeats the lesson he or she has learned often do not work as well as stories in which growth or change is inferred. Most readers enjoy thinking about the way a conflict has been resolved and come to their own conclusions after mulling it over for a period of time. When the resolution is simply stated at the end of a story, the reader often ends up with little or nothing to think about. What is the best way to describe conflict?

Correct! Wrong!

The first sentence provides the information needed to respond to this question.

In literature, the problem, usually referred to as the conflict, should be introduced in the early paragraphs of a story and should directly involve the main character. Throughout the story, the main character should to determine how the conflict will be resolved. The conflict resolution should not be obvious to the reader; instead, the reader should wonder how things are going to work out and should be connected enough with the main character so that the character's actions matter. By the end of the story, the main character should have somehow grown or changed, even just a little, from the experience. Stories in which the main character repeats the lesson he or she has learned often do not work as well as stories in which growth or change is inferred. Most readers enjoy thinking about the way a conflict has been resolved and come to their own conclusions after mulling it over for a period of time. When the resolution is simply stated at the end of a story, the reader often ends up with little or nothing to think about. According to the passage, what is one important element of a good story?

Correct! Wrong!

The end of the first paragraph of the passage mentions the connection that should be established between the reader and the main character. The incorrect responses are discussed within the passage.

Journalists often use a recording device to capture the audio transcript of an interview with a subject. The recording device is thought of as a reliable and efficient way to ensure that all important parts of the interview have been archived which is something that may be complicated for a journalist to do by hand. Besides being difficult to execute quickly, legibly, and efficiently, taking notes by hand can distract the journalist from the interview subject’s body language, verbal cues, or other subtle information that can go unnoticed when the journalist is not fully concentrating on the person talking. These missed cues for example, noticing that the tough-guy interview subject closed his eyes and trembled slightly, when he talked about his recently departed mother have added an interesting perspective to the article about him. Relying on a recording device is not without troubles; however, most journalists can quickly relate stories of disappointments they or co-workers have endured due to problems with equipment. For instance, a journalist may not notice low batteries until it is too late. As a result, a portion of an interview can be lost without any way to reclaim it. The machine’s volume can be accidentally left too low to hear the subject on later playback, the recorder may be accidentally switched off during the interview, and any number of other unplanned and unexpected electronic malfunctions can occur to sabotage the recording. While recording device problems may not occur often, even a rate of once a year can be extremely problematic for a writer. Some glitches may be unrealized until hours later when the journalist is prepared to work with the recording. Most experienced journalists do not rely solely on technology when they are interviewing a subject for an article. Instead, as the recording device creates an audio record of the interview, journalists will simultaneously record their own notes by hand. This dual-note method means that most of the time, a wise journalist has two good resources to use as he or she writes the article draft. According to the passage, which of the following is not a reason a recording device can be superior to taking notes by hand?

Correct! Wrong!

The passage mentions that a recorder can be more unreliable than handwriting in recording notes for an interview. The other responses are discussed in the passage.

Journalists often use a recording device to capture the audio transcript of an interview with a subject. The recording device is thought of as a reliable and efficient way to ensure that all important parts of the interview have been archived which is something that may be complicated for a journalist to do by hand. Besides being difficult to execute quickly, legibly, and efficiently, taking notes by hand can distract the journalist from the interview subject’s body language, verbal cues, or other subtle information that can go unnoticed when the journalist is not fully concentrating on the person talking. These missed cues for example, noticing that the tough-guy interview subject closed his eyes and trembled slightly, when he talked about his recently departed mother have added an interesting perspective to the article about him. Relying on a recording device is not without troubles; however, most journalists can quickly relate stories of disappointments they or co-workers have endured due to problems with equipment. For instance, a journalist may not notice low batteries until it is too late. As a result, a portion of an interview can be lost without any way to reclaim it. The machine’s volume can be accidentally left too low to hear the subject on later playback, the recorder may be accidentally switched off during the interview, and any number of other unplanned and unexpected electronic malfunctions can occur to sabotage the recording. While recording device problems may not occur often, even a rate of once a year can be extremely problematic for a writer. Some glitches may be unrealized until hours later when the journalist is prepared to work with the recording. Most experienced journalists do not rely solely on technology when they are interviewing a subject for an article. Instead, as the recording device creates an audio record of the interview, journalists will simultaneously record their own notes by hand. This dual-note method means that most of the time, a wise journalist has two good resources to use as he or she writes the article draft. Which of the following is not an example of body language?

Correct! Wrong!

Body language must be observed to be assessed. Except for the correct choice, all answers must be seen and are considered to be body language.

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