Automation Testing

Automation Testing Framework

Automation Testing Tools

Automation testing is a software testing technique that executes a test case suite using particular automated testing software tools. On the other hand, manual testing is done by a person sitting in front of a computer, going over the test procedures step by step. This technique ensures that the software meets specified quality standards and performance. Automation tests have become an essential component of software testing. Automation testing serves as an early warning system that notifies the developer about errors before they occur during the manual testing phase.

Automation test programs execute test cases without human intervention and provide information about the execution of tests and any failure. Software quality assurance is based on automated tests. It is also known as script-based or artificial intelligence (AI) testing or test automation.

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Hive Automation Testing

Hive Automation lets you move quicker in Hive by automating common tasks and streamlines your workflow using quick-select buttons. You can do the following with a single click of a button: Transfer an action card to a new project. The assignee of action can be changed. An action’s status can be changed. Include a label (s). Add a new sub-action to the mix. Make use of an action template. Add sub-actions to a card’s hierarchy. Create action records with a single click. Information on actions you have created is accessible in the Project Explorer, action details page, and Action History pages.

Hive Automation tests are performed by operators who use the Hive Automation Suite. Hive Automation tests check that all transactions comprising an entire process (or transaction) are documented and tracked correctly, that settlement instructions are working correctly, and that all checks are completed, including the final settlement instructions (checklists).

iOS Automation Testing

Apps that are only compatible with iOS devices are subjected to iOS automation testing. App testing generally involves a grasp of the app’s purpose, technical requirements, and performance metrics to evaluate expected and actual behavior. During automation testing, a test script is also used to operate an iOS app. Automation testing for Android is similar. Integrity Checking

Personal testing and the use of automation techniques are required for the iOS app. Bugs will inevitably appear in any application, regardless of their well-designed. iOS automated testing is just as important as software testing on any iOS or Android platform. To uncover bugs that are tough to find manually, iOS automated testing is required. Test scripts can be entered into automation testing tools, and these scripts can then be executed. These scripts can be executed through the app and do various functions automatically.

Automation testing tool selection criteria

Selecting a test automation solution is one of the most critical elements in any organization’s automation process.
It’s crucial since the tool will significantly impact your entire automation attempt. Automation becomes easier and more effective if the product is good and provides the functionality you need.
When choosing an automation solution, there are several factors to consider.
To solve the expanding issues of automated testing, many technologies have unique capabilities. As a result, take a close look at the actual issues that the team is attempting to resolve. Then look for a tool that addresses those issues. Before deciding on any automation solution, a testing team needs to think about the most important problems that need to be solved. A good automated testing tool should be able to solve those problems. 
Some common issues that need to be addressed are:
1.        Doing the tester’s routine work using automation tools can help save time and resources in the long run. But it’s also important to consider whether or not it will help your test team automate new tasks with time.
2.        Test environment flexibility is a factor that must be considered during the selection process. Are your testers targeting different platforms and operating systems? If so, then an automation solution that offers cross-platform support may better fit you.
3.       The best option must be chosen when a performance problem is found. Because performance directly impacts your company’s bottom line, be sure your solution delivers a product that performs well over the whole test life cycle and can adapt to future changes.

Codeless Automation testing

Codeless automated testing, often known as codeless automation, is the process of producing automated tests without writing a single line of code. Codeless automation allows teams to automate creating test scripts regardless of skill level. This is an idea that has been around for a while.

The benefits of codeless testing are significant. It allows developers to focus their time on writing better-automated tests instead of just memorizing templates and procedural checks. It saves time, improves quality, and leads to an overall increase in productivity. Another benefit is that codeless automation avoids bugs that can be hard to detect when going through the manuals or using manual testing techniques.
Codeless automation scripts are written using an automated testing infrastructure that acts as a middleman between the test environment and the scripts themselves. These engines allow developers to become more productive by removing the need for scripting knowledge from testers, making it easier to perform complex tests without writing any scripts themselves.

Automation Testing with Machine Learning

Machine Learning for automation testing entails dynamically writing new test cases based on user interactions by data-mining their logs and behavior on the application/service for which tests are to be written, as well as live validation in case an object is modified or removed or some other change occurs, such as “modification in spelling,” which is handled by most IDEs in the form of Intelli-sense, such as Visual Studio or Eclipse.

The main goal of Machine Learning for automation testing is to predict the test cases that will most likely be used. Before executing any test case, an intelligent plan is created on the fly based on user interaction (if any) and then executed using the allocated test time. If a test case fails during execution, the time it takes to run that test case and the frequency of failed and successful runs are used to determine whether or not to run that test again (based on probability).

Automation Testing Life Cycle

Using and introducing an automated test tool, writing and running test cases, generating test designs, and producing and managing test data and environment, are all part of the organized automation testing life cycle.
The automation testing life cycle is a project that varies based on the size and complexity of the test environment. If a large system has over 10,000 objects and takes up to 1 hour to load each time, it may not be feasible to create automated tests that cover every object. But automating many small portions of the system is simple with a small test environment.

Automation Testing Framework

Challenges in Automation Testing

One of the most difficult aspects of automation testing is the lack of team communication and collaboration. Because automation testing necessitates a substantial investment and provides long-term ROI (Return on Investment) rather than immediate gratification, its success is highly dependent on effective communication among all stakeholders.
Because automation testing is dependent upon software and hardware, it is also highly dependent on changes in technology. A slight change in hardware and software can create incompatibilities, which may cause the entire automation testing and test automation project to fail.

Before applying artificial intelligence or sophisticated algorithms in an automated environment, it takes a lot of effort and thought to automate tests that involve artificial intelligence or complex algorithms. This type of integration requires the help of experts who understand the intricacies involved with artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Automated testing is still relatively new compared to manual testing, so fewer companies have developed products specifically for this goal.

Does Automation replace Manual testing?

Many people believe that automation testing will eventually replace manual software testing. In today’s world, many testers and developers desire to use test automation to make their lives easier. Although automation testing frameworks cannot replace manual testing approaches, they can help. As a result, we can’t expect automation software testing ever to be able to replace manual testing completely. Compared to manual testing, automation enhances it and gives testers more options to test software. In today’s competitive world, if a tester can automate most of their manual testing tasks, they will be able to improve their performance and overall abilities.

Adoption of automated testing depends on the type of organization. Some companies are looking into automating internal tests by moving from manual testing approaches to automated testing. This can be achieved by automating their internal tests or migrating all their current manual tests to automated testing approaches. Additionally, some companies may already have automated software testing processes in place but are looking for ways to enhance them through new tools and technology enhancements (for example, new programming languages, which help make coding easier).

Model-based Automation testing

Model-based testing is a software testing technique in which test cases are produced from a model representing the system under the test’s functional features.
It creates tests based on a methodology that includes offline and online testing. Its goal is to make it easier for developers to test software rapidly and efficiently. Rather than writing a test for every possible scenario, model-based testing automates tests for specific parts of the functionality of an application.

Model-based testing is particularly useful for developing applications that have multiple features and complexity levels. As opposed to regression testing, model-based testing allows developers to automate particular functions and components. Therefore, it is more suitable for fine-grained functional verification of applications and subsystems or compliance testing.

The Assertion in Automation Testing

In test automation, the assertion is the phase that determines whether the automated test case was successful. In automated test cases, assertion stages should be present. It is the initial step in the automation testing process. It entails ensuring that the data under test is working properly to conduct testing. Automated software testing is used to verify that a feature or capability of an application or computer system works after a modification, enhancement, or bug patch to that feature or functionality has been introduced. “assertTrue()” and “assertEqual()” are two examples of assertion.

Automation Testing PDF

Software testing is an important stage in the software development life cycle. A system’s quality assurance is fully dependent on automation testing, which helps reduce testing costs and, as a result, boosts work efficiency. Because automation testing is still a part of testing, you must build a solid foundation of understanding about testing as a whole. If you are looking for online study resources such as automation testing tutorial PDF, automation testing basics PDF, and automation testing tutorial for beginners PDF, you have come to the right place. We recommend that you take test automation practice. This online test will assess and measure your understanding of automation testing.

Automation Testing Questions and Answers

Automation testing is a software testing technique that involves the execution of a test case suite using particular automated testing software tools. Manual testing, on the other hand, is carried out by a person who sits in front of a computer and meticulously follows the test stages.

Test Harness is a framework and system that contains test scripts for automation testing. It also contains the required parameters for running the scripts. Testers compare test results to other data and keep track of the results after collecting them.

Automatic test equipment (ATE), often known as automatic testing equipment, is computerized gear that performs and evaluates functionality, performance, quality, and stress tests on electronic devices and systems.

Automated browser testing employs automation technologies to do cross-browser testing, assuring the framework and test platform’s efficiency, scalability, and re-usability for faster product testing.

The goal of a framework is to standardize a task by defining defined norms, rules, and laws.

If you don’t have the trained resources to automate the application under test, or if you’re not willing to invest time and money in training people on automation testing in order to develop a good automation team, don’t do it.

Although automation will not be able to replace certain types of manual testing, it will not be able to replace manual software testing. When the differences between them are recognized, the deep-seated fear of automation dissipates, and a skillful, profitable coordinated effort emerges.

Automation testing is a sort of software testing that involves utilizing an automation tool to execute automated test cases. As a result, it essentially automates the manual testing procedure. The tester creates test scripts, which he or she then executes on demand or schedules for frequent execution.

Functional Testing — Concepts Functional testing is a type of automated testing that focuses on how applications work, or more specifically, how they interact with users and the rest of the system. Functional testing is traditionally carried out by a team of testers that are not connected to the developers.

Automation testing is the process of ensuring that software and other technological items fulfill stringent specifications. It’s essentially a check to ensure that the equipment or software is performing as intended. It checks for faults, flaws, and other problems that can occur during product development.

Using Postman to automate API testing. For developers, QA testers, and penetration testers, Postman is a fantastic API testing tool. Its user interface makes it simple to perform HTTP queries and get results, but it’s also a terrific tool for automation. Chai may be written using Postman.

If one of the following applies to a test scenario, it should be automated:

  • The task will be carried out again.
  • It will save you time.
  • The requirements, test, or task are low-risk, consistent, and unlikely to change frequently.
  • Human mistakes are possible in the test.
  • The test takes a long time to complete.
  • There is a large amount of downtime between each phase of the test.
  • The test is repeated several times.

Here are the eight steps to performing accurate automation database testing: 

  1. The scope is determined. 
  2. Preparation of the test script. 
  3. Identification of the test case
  4. Execution. 
  5. Reporting. 
  6. Monitoring of the process once it has been completed. 
  7. Reuse of Test Scripts
  8. Cross-checking with the User Interface Testing Report

Test automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests that is distinct from the software being tested. It allows software robots to execute repeated operations and simulate end-user contact with the system under test, allowing quality assurance efforts to be expanded in scope, depth, and dependability.

To be effective, test automation engineers must master the fundamentals of testing. Begin as soon as possible so that you can get going. Learn the basics of coding. If necessary, manually test your system. Learn the basics of coding. Learn how applications are interpreted. With various automation testing tools, you can put your automation talents to the test. Learn more about the ATLC approach.

Divide automated coverage by overall coverage to arrive at this figure. Pros: Management can use this measure to track the development of a test automation project. Cons: A higher number of automated testing can mask test quality issues.

How to Build a Test Automation Framework from the Ground Up

  • Create a new Maven project as the first step. 
  • Assign a name to your project.
  • Pick a place for your project.
  • Create the base project
  • Make several modules

First step:
Determine the parameters that will be used to evaluate your test case as an automation candidate.

Step two:
Dividing each application into modules is a good idea. Analyze and try to determine the test cases that should be automated based on the parameters for each module.

3rd step:
Add up the number of test cases for each module and group them together.

4th Step:
You can present the granular level details in the following style once you’ve recognized them all. We’re now working on calculating the return on investment.

Functional testing is primarily concerned with black box testing and is unconcerned with the application’s source code. This testing examines the application’s user interface, APIs, database, security, client/server connectivity, and other features. Testing can be done manually or automatically.

For those seeking a rewarding job in software testing, automation testing is a viable choice. If you are interested in this subject, certification and experience will help you find fantastic career prospects. You should be knowledgeable with programming languages and manual software testing.

Automating the white box test is simple. All code paths are often covered, so testing is more thorough. Even if there is no GUI, testing can begin early in the SDLC.

Test automation allows you to shorten the feedback loop and provide speedier validation for different stages of your product’s development. Test automation is particularly useful since it aids in the early detection of problems or errors during the development phase, thus increasing the team’s efficiency.

Ranorex is a web, desktop, and mobile test automation tool. Codeless test creation, recording and replaying testing phases, and reusable test scripts are just a few of the features offered by this application.

Let’s divide them down into three phases:

Phase 1: Planning, Test Configuration, and Validation;
Phase 2: Baseline Testing, Scaling Your Tests, and Complex Cases; and
Phase 3: Ongoing Performance Testing and Automation.

Regression testing is a type of testing that determines whether a piece of software has had regressions after changes have been made to it. Automated regression testing is simply the technique of automatically checking that the program has not regressed to an earlier unwanted state.

Automated Testing is a process in which the tester creates their own scripts and tests the product with appropriate software or automation tools. It is a process that automates a manual process. Allows repetitious tasks to be completed without the intervention of a Manual Tester.

Functional, performance, usability, security, and load testing are all forms of testing that may be done on a mobile app (interruption, memory leakage, location, certification, installation, etc.).

Mobile app automation testing is the process of conducting automated tests against a mobile application to ensure that its functionality and usability meet the criteria and that it is suitable for deployment.

Object repository for test automation In any UI automation solution, an object repository is a critical component. Instead of having objects spread across the test scripts, a repository allows a tester to store all of the objects that will be utilized in the scripts in one or more centralized locations.

An automated test strategy specifies how automation frameworks will be used during testing. Manual and automated test plans, all forms of test cases, automation scripts, test environments and their definitions, test data, test results, execution logs, and reporting output are all included.

The fact that code is written, which when executed, tests the program, is a major restriction of software testing.

A QA analyst (human) performs manual testing, whereas a tester (computer) performs automated testing using scripts, code, and automation tools. Manual testing is ineffective due to the possibility of human error, but automation is dependable due to its code and script-based nature.

It can speed up and repeat benchmark tests using a consistent test configuration. However, technology cannot totally replace manual testing.

If the findings of a test must be manually “eyeballed” to determine if they are correct. If a test cannot be fully automated, it should not be automated at all unless it will save a significant amount of time.

For a variety of reasons, tests can be automated. Some of them are that after each development of a software product, the test must be repeated to ensure the software’s quality. The test must be run after each modification in the source code.

Another trendy open-source automation testing tool to employ in 2020 is SoapUI. Automated functional testing, load testing, and compliance testing are all possible with this program. The tool offers a lot of features that make it easy to test APIs.

Automated Testing Benefits Both Developers and Testers. Developers can utilize shared automated tests to discover problems immediately before delivering them to QA. When source code updates are checked in, tests can run automatically and notify the team or the developer if they fail. These types of features save developers time and boost their confidence.

Using an automated testing framework will improve a team’s testing speed and efficiency, improve test correctness, cut test maintenance costs, and reduce risk. They are necessary for a successful automated testing procedure. Agile requires the use of test automation.

Automation testing is the use of tools and technologies to test software in order to reduce testing efforts and deliver functionality faster and more affordably. It aids in the development of higher-quality software with less effort.

Automated tests use machine-based assertions to determine the present state of an application in comparison to the assertions.

It takes about two months to complete. Because you must first learn what software testing is and what manual testing entails. You can only learn about automation testing after that.

Some scenarios are straightforward, while others are extremely complicated. Complete 2–3 test cases per day, on average.

Testing that is carried out automatically Using automated testing software like UIlicious is one technique to automate regression testing. These tools enable you to easily develop and run tests whenever you need to verify a code change.

Without coding skills, test automation is impossible, thus you’ll have to learn it. We normally recommend starting with Python because it’s one of the easiest languages to learn and there are many resources available to help you get started.

In addition to manual testing, JUnit is also preferred for automation testing. It can also be used in conjunction with Selenium WebDriver to automate web application testing. It gives you a one-of-a-kind technique to construct more structured, concise, and effective test cases.

Software applications that assist users in testing various desktop, web, and mobile apps are known as automation testing tools or test automation tools. These technologies help automate the testing process by providing automation options.

The processing of dynamic online information is one of the most difficult tasks in Selenium automation. The explicit wait feature in Selenium solves this problem by allowing you to select a pre-defined period for the automation testing process to wait for new content to load.

Automated Testing Types;

  • Regression Testing
  • Data Driven Testing
  • Black Box Testing
  • Smoke Testing
  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • Functional Testing
  • Keyword Testing
  • Regression Testing
  • Data Driven Testing
  • Black Box Testing

An automation test engineer analyzes the optimum method for converting a manual testing process to an automated testing process and uses various automation technologies to achieve the testing objectives.

Automated testing, for the uninitiated, is the use of an automation tool (such as a series of scripts) to run software tests that would normally be performed by a manual tester. For regression tests, automated test scripts can be built to cover all the functionality of your application or only certain functionality.

This is a procedure for assuring the team that the correct tool has been selected. The quality assurance (QA) and testing team’s skills and experience generally impact the choices taken at this level.

QA automation refers to the use of automated testing tools to perform tests on the software being created and report on the findings, which is a component of the software development life cycle (SDLC). Many of the time-consuming duties previously performed by manual testers are now handled via automation testing.

Test automation university is an online global platform sponsored by Applitools that offers free test automation lessons in a range of programming languages, including Java, Python, C#, JavaScript, Ruby, and others, as well as web, mobile, API, visual, AI, and codeless automation tools.

The following are some test cases that should not be automated:

  • UI test 
  • GUI Verification
  • Exploratory test 
  • Test for anti-automation

Robotic process automation does not necessitate the use of code. Instead, the RPA system compiles a list of actions by watching a person complete tasks on a graphical user interface. The system can then repeat these operations automatically, sparing workers from otherwise tedious and time-consuming tasks. Test automation saves time and increases test coverage for developers and testers by automating repetitive test cases. Manual testing efforts can be reduced, and bottlenecks can be eliminated. As a result, the path has been cleared for the continuous deployment of apps and software.

If you wish to use a Python test automation framework for your test automation efforts, the Robot Framework is the ideal option. The Robot Framework is written in Python, but it may also be written in Jython (Java) or IronPython (.NET). To make test creation simple, the Robot Framework employs a keyword-driven approach.

Because automated testing allows the test genius to adjust the scripts in response to changes in the application, it’s a win-win situation. Automation testing is more cost effective than manual testing procedures when compared to manual testing approaches. To test the application, you’ll need a lot of people as well as a lot of devices and interfaces.

It aids in the development of higher-quality software with less effort.

Large software projects that require repeated testing that goes deep into the application are more likely to require automatic testing. The efficacy, efficiency, and coverage of the program that has to be tested will all benefit from automated testing.

When it comes to Appium testing, Xcode is also necessary to create, sign, provide, and run a unique project that acts as a driver and automates the process. However, using TestProject, a test automation platform that extends Appium’s driver, you can execute iOS tests on a Windows operating system without needing to use macOS.

Have your data integration/ETL program start QuerySurge through our command line or Restful API when the ETL software finishes its load phase to automate the ETL process.

Ranking hazards from high to low priority is an excellent way to analyze automation success in terms of risk. Then, based on risk prioritization, automate test cases and keep track of how many risks the automated tests have mitigated.

It saves time. Automating the testing process allows the testing team to validate newly produced features in less time.

The most difficult aspect of automation is test scalability. Running testing on different browsers, operating systems, and resolutions, as mentioned previously, is something important to do. Selenium WebDriver allows us to run tests in sequential order, but it does not provide a good approach to performing cross-browser testing.

The term “automated functional testing” refers to the process of building automated test scripts for software applications from manual functional tests. The practice of evaluating software to ensure that it meets all of its set requirements is known as functional testing.

The term “automated functional testing” refers to the process of building automated test scripts for software applications from manual functional tests. The practice of evaluating software to ensure that it meets all of its set requirements is known as functional testing.

Automated testing is used to identify bugs in simple tasks such as logging into an app, creating a new account, or sending an email when a password is forgotten. Automated testing accomplishes this. Manual testing of apps that crash in certain scenarios is still required.

The area of your application under test that will be automated is known as the scope of automation. The following points can assist in determining scope: the elements that are crucial to the company’s success; scenarios with a lot of data; functionalities that are shared across applications; and possibilities in terms of technology.

The use of an automated tool to accomplish these testing methods is known as UI automation testing. Test scripts are developed for each test case instead of having testers go through the program to visually validate data and action flows.

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