Agile Practice Test

Agile Certification Practice Test 2023

Agile practices in software development include requirements discovery and solution development through collaboration with customers/end users by self-organizing and cross-functional teams, adaptive planning, evolutionary development, early delivery, continuous improvement, and flexible responses to changes in requirements, capacity, and understanding of the problems to be solved.

These ideas and concepts were evolved from and underpin a wide range of software development frameworks, including Scrum and Kanban, and were popularized in the 2001 Manifesto for Agile Software Development.

Agile project management and software development is an iterative method that helps teams offer value to clients faster and with fewer headaches. An agile team delivers work in tiny, digestible increments rather than relying on a “big bang” launch. Teams have a natural mechanism for adjusting to change fast because requirements, strategies, and results are evaluated on a regular basis.

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Agile Software

Agile Software Principles

The Agile Software Development Manifesto is built on twelve principles:

  1. Customer satisfaction through timely and consistent supply of useful software.
  2. Be open to altering needs, especially late in the development process.
  3. Consistently provide working software (weeks rather than months)
  4. Business people and developers work together on a daily basis.
  5. Projects are created on the backs of motivated people who can be trusted.
  6. The best method of communication is face-to-face communication (co-location)
  7. The primary indicator of progress is working software.
  8. Consistent development, i.e., development that is able to keep up with the pace of the rest of the world.
  9. Maintaining a constant focus on technical excellence and good design
  10. Simplicity is essential art of minimizing the amount of effort that isn’t done.

Agile Software Methods

The software development life cycle is supported by agile software development approaches across the board. Some methods concentrate on practices (e.g., XP, pragmatic programming, agile modeling), while others concentrate on work flow management (e.g., Scrum, Kanban). Some activities (e.g., FDD) assist requirements definition and development, while others aim to cover the entire development life cycle (e.g., DSDM, RUP).

                                    Framework                              Main contributor(s)
Adaptive software development (ASD)Jim Highsmith, Sam Bayer
Agile modelingScott Ambler, Robert Cecil Martin
Agile unified process (AUP)Scott Ambler
Disciplined agile deliveryScott Ambler
Dynamic systems development method (DSDM) 
Extreme programming (XP)Kent Beck, Robert Cecil Martin
Feature driven development (FDD)Jeff De Luca
Lean software developmentMary Poppendieck, Tom Poppendieck
Lean startupEric Ries
KanbanTaiichi Ohno
Rapid application development (RAD)James Martin
ScrumKen Schwaber, Jeff Sutherland
Scaled agile framework – SAFeScaled Agile, Inc.

Agile Software Practices

A number of actual activities underpin agile software development, including requirements, design, modeling, coding, testing, planning, risk management, process, quality, and so on. The following are some notable agile software development practices:

                                      Practice                                Main contributor(s)
Acceptance test-driven development (ATDD) 
Agile modeling 
Agile testing 
Backlogs (Product and Sprint)Ken Schwaber
Behavior-driven development (BDD)Dan North, Liz Keogh
Continuous integration (CI)Grady Booch
Cross-functional team 
Daily stand-up / Daily ScrumJames O Coplien
Domain-driven design (DDD)Eric Evans
Iterative and incremental development (IID) 
Pair programmingKent Beck
Planning pokerJames Grenning, Mike Cohn
RefactoringMartin Fowler
Scrum events (sprint planning, sprint review and retrospective) 
Specification by example 
Story-driven modelingAlbert Zündorf
Test-driven development (TDD)Kent Beck
User storyAlistair Cockburn
Velocity tracking 

Types of Testing in Agile

       1) Acceptance test-driven development.
       2) Behavior-driven development.
       3) Exploratory Testing in Agile.
       4) Session-Based Testing.

Best Free Agile tools online

Here’s a list of the best 5 free Agile planning tools for project managers to help them make faster decisions:

  1. Icescrum
  2. Taiga
  3. Scrumpy
  4. Hansoft
  5. YouTrack

Agile Certifications

Top Agile Certifications

  • APMG International
  • Strategyex Certificate (Associate or Master’s) in Agile
  • International Consortium for Agile (ICAgile)
  • Agile Certification Institute
  • Scaled Agile Academy
  • Scrum Alliance
  • Certified Agile Project Manager (IAPM)

Agile Certification Benefits

The following are the five key reasons why firms are shifting to an Agile mentality for their organization.

  1. Delivering Consistent Value Across All Projects
  2. Responding Quickly and Easily to Change
  3. Projects that are flexible Assist in the Strengthening of Relationships
  4. Managing Employee Costs, Time, and Scope
  5. Communication Enhancement

Agile Certification Benefits (Person Level)

  1. Agile Certification Can Help You Advance Your Career
  2. Become certified to increase your credibility.
  3. Increased Knowledge
  4. Practical Demonstration
  5. Ability to Start a Business

Agile Practice Guide PDF

To support improved results, the Agile Practice Guide includes tools, situational recommendations, and an awareness of the numerous agile methodologies accessible. It is extremely beneficial for project managers who are used to working in a more traditional context to learn how to work in an Agile environment. The Agile Alliance® and the Project Management Institute (PMI)® collaborated to create it to connect and relate waterfall and agile techniques. If you’re looking for agile project manager interview questions and answers PDF, agile practice guide filetype:PDF, or agile tutorial PDF, you’ve come to the right place. We provide a free agile test to help you prepare for the exam.


Agile Software Questions and Answers

Agile refers to a set of principles that are applied to software development and project management.

Agile Methodology is a people-centered, results-driven approach to software development that takes into account our fast-paced reality. Adaptive planning, self-organization, and quick delivery timeframes are at the heart of it.

Agile project management is an iterative method to software development that ensures that input is swiftly acted on and that changes are made in a timely manner at each stage of a sprint or product cycle.

Agile is divided into several subcategories, including Scrum. It is the most extensively used lightweight agile process framework. A process framework is a collection of practices that must be followed in order for a process to follow the framework’s guidelines.

Agile is a common development style that development teams employ when they need to ship programs quickly. However, because Agile development necessitates Agile support, developers must provide their teams with the tools and resources they require to succeed.

Iterative software development is referred to as agile development. The software development lifecycle is shortened via iterative software development. Agile development teams work in smaller increments, known as sprints, to complete the entire software development lifecycle.

An epic is a collection of user stories that share a common strategic goal in agile development. When numerous epics share a common aim, they are brought together under a still-larger corporate goal known as a theme.

Kanban is a common software development framework for agile and DevOps projects. It necessitates real-time capacity communication and complete openness in the work environment.

A story point is an abstract measure of effort necessary to implement a user narrative used in agile project management and development to evaluate the complexity of implementing it.

Sprints are essential building blocks of the Agile SDLC model and can be considered its major characteristic; they are a series of time-boxed iterations designed to divide a complex software development process into a smaller manageable aim. Sprints combine Agile concepts with scrum framework characteristics.

DevOps and Agile are related in that Agile manages software development while DevOps focuses on getting code into production and subsequently optimizing the process. The processes that correlate to each other are intertwined.

Kanban is a visual framework that is part of the Agile methodology as a whole. It helps teams apply Agile concepts by displaying what needs to be created, when it needs to be produced, and how much of it needs to be generated.

Agile Scrum Methodology is a unique project management system that focuses on incremental product development. The iterations are broken down into small time chunks called Sprints, which last roughly four weeks each. Every goal-oriented Sprint includes critical characteristics that help to produce a comprehensive product.

An Agile spike is a time-boxed tale that is used to determine the best strategy to build a feature rather than actively constructing it. When numerous procedures may be applicable to solving the same story, spikes are employed.

In an agile system, a user story is the smallest work unit. It’s a purpose, not a feature, conveyed through the eyes of the software user.

The Agile Manifesto’s first value is “Individuals and interactions over procedures and tools.” It’s easy to see why people are valued more highly than processes or technologies because it’s people that respond to business needs and drive the development process.

An Agile spike is a metaphor for the brief but crucial pause a rock climber takes when climbing in order to hammer a spike into the rock. The word comes from Extreme Programming (XP).

Advantages of Agile Project Management You can deliver software faster, allowing your customers to benefit sooner rather than later. You squander fewer resources since you are continually working on current tasks. You can better adapt to change and respond faster.

Agile leadership aims to remove impediments to success in order for staff to be more effective and productive.

It’s someone who has a lot of experience with agile methods. A person who is familiar with the best practices of numerous agile processes and could help new teams get started. The coach’s job is to seek for flaws in the process for the new squad that is just getting started.

Accepting the given circumstances without resistance and making use of the resources and abilities available to them is one of the characteristics of an Agile leader. Scrum Masters operate as Agile leaders, encouraging ambiguity with confidence and being ready to lead the project based on market needs and changing circumstances.

Backlog items in the Agile framework include features, bug fixes, roadmaps, workflows, and so on. The Agile team’s product owner (PO) defines, selects, and prioritizes these tasks. User stories, themes, and features can be used to organize the backlog.

The Scaled Agile Framework has three levels: team, program, and portfolio.

  • They are designed to improve communication and value delivery.
  • They can create, test, and specify a feature or component.

Test-driven development (TDD) is a development technique that requires you to construct a test that fails before writing new functional code. Agile software developers are quickly adopting TDD for application source code development, and Agile DBAs are adopting TDD for database development.

Agile marketing is a tactical marketing method in which marketing teams pick high-value initiatives to spend their efforts on as a group.

A corporation or organization that supports Agile project management is known as an Agile environment. The organizational culture encourages project teams to adopt the Agile methodology’s concepts and ideals.

The Scaled Agile Framework, or SAFe, is a development team-focused agile framework. The three metaphorical pillars that make up SAFE’s basis are Team, Program, and Portfolio. SAFe also allows a product team to be more flexible.

When you become a completely Agile organization, your team’s productivity skyrockets and you earn a lot of money.

Because it scales with certain buffs, agility is a particularly valuable stat. 1 Agility is worth 2.5 Attack Power when you don’t have any buffs. 1 Agility is worth 3 Attack Power if you have all of the raid and world perks.

The Scaled Agile Framework, or SAFe, technique is a three-pillared agile framework for development teams: Team, Program, and Portfolio. SAFe is designed to allow a team flexibility while also assisting in the management of some of the issues that larger businesses face when using agile practices.

There is a widespread belief that Agile and DevOps can’t coexist, which is a disservice to everyone involved in software development and delivery. Both approaches, in fact, can considerably enhance the Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation, making it easier for product teams to build, deliver, and maintain complicated products.

The concept of multiple styles of leadership is revived in Agile 2. Simply informing teams that they must self-organize and that managers must have faith in their teams is insufficient. It refocuses attention on both the individual and the team. People require individual care. Many other topics are covered in Agile 2. It takes three approaches to data. One is that data is a strategic asset that must be maintained so that it can be correlated and insights may be extracted later.

The Agile Manifesto for Software Development was a proclamation of a unified philosophy for Scrum, Extreme Programming, and Feature-Driven Development frameworks (FDD). The Agile Manifesto marked a significant departure from the waterfall-style project management practices that were common at the time.

A “team” under the Agile idea is a small group of people who are nearly all full-time employees and are all assigned to the same project or effort. A small number of team members may work part-time or have competing obligations.

Anti-patterns in agile or scrum are (ineffective) strategies for improving a process. Nonetheless, they achieve the opposite by restricting your efforts and slowing your progress toward Agile objectives.

The product owner’s job in an agile organization is to prioritize and oversee the development team’s responsibilities, ensuring that the firm gets the most value out of the team’s efforts. An agile product owner can be thought of as the project manager in charge of the product’s development.

ITIL guarantees that any IT organization’s complete business grows and delivers a sensible future plan by providing a clear picture. Agile, on the other hand, enables smooth delivery to the end client, which aids ITIL in capturing company growth and the future.

Agile development methodologies, in general, strive to be predictable based on empirical evidence of delivery rather than being prescriptive about what will be accomplished. One of the core concepts of the agile manifesto is a focus on people.

Agile is an iterative method that emphasizes on collaboration, customer feedback, and small rapid releases, whereas DevOps is a technique of bringing development and operations teams together. DevOps emphasizes continuous testing and delivery, whereas the Agile process emphasizes constant change.

The agile manifesto consists of four values and twelve principles.

Create a cross-functional team High-performing Agile teams are made up of people who have a diverse range of abilities that are required to successfully complete the work in their backlog. Team members must be open and highly motivated, and the team must have both the authority and the responsibility to achieve the objectives set forth for them.

The Microsoft Azure Agile Methodology is a lean manufacturing-related delivery method. Agile is centered on building a working prototype while dealing with the realities of changing business processes and needs.

Agile methodologies have had a significant impact on the way software is developed, and Google has successfully implemented this mindset at a wide scale. Google has a strong tendency to respond quickly and learn from its mistakes, making it extremely agile.

The seven characteristics of an agile Mis infrastructure are: accessibility, availability, maintainability, portability, reliability, scalability, and usability.

All agile frameworks use iterative and incremental development and have a set iteration time. They also all include a lightweight approach that allows self-organized teams to better respond to business needs. It’s a term that describes how software is developed.

Agile programming is a strategy or methodology for developing and creating new software that employs an iterative approach, which means that new or extra requirements are introduced to the process as they are discovered.

A phrase used to describe firms that are quick to respond to changes in the marketplace or environment is “agile.” The agile company is focused on the needs of its customers, which necessitate customized rather than standardized solutions.

Agile project management is an iterative method to software development that ensures that input is swiftly acted on and that changes are made in a timely manner at each stage of a sprint or product cycle.

Planning, directing, coordinating, and motivating Agile project teams is the responsibility of the Agile Project Manager (APM).

Agile Release Train Sync Meetings are periodic gatherings of ART roles to review progress and discuss additional major and critical areas to ensure the success of upcoming PIs.

The Agile Release Train’s (ART) heartbeat is a face-to-face, cadence-based event called Program Increment (PI) Planning, which brings all of the ART’s teams together around a common goal and vision.

Prototypes are the main emphasis of RAD. The main goal of RAD is to deliver something useable in front of the client as soon as possible so that they can provide feedback. In the RAD paradigm, you can show the customer something that is still in progress, whereas Agile will typically wait until a feature is developed and created before exhibiting it.

SAFe Agile Certification, also known as Scaled Agile Framework certification, is a certification program offered by Scaled Agile Inc.’s certifying organization. With the growing importance and application of the SAFe Agile Methodology in the software industry, becoming certified in it is something that everyone wants these days.

SAFe Agile Certification, also known as Scaled Agile Framework certification, is a certification program offered by Scaled Agile Inc.’s certifying organization. With the growing importance and application of the SAFe Agile Methodology in the software industry, becoming certified in it is something that everyone wants these days.

Agile is a project management philosophy based on a core set of values or principles, Scrum is a specific Agile methodology for project facilitation.

Agile is a new iterative approach to software development that has provided organizations with a revolutionary alternative to the classic waterfall paradigm of software development. Jira is a bug and issue tracking software for businesses that has been around for a long.

The projected effort associated with work items that a team can finish in a given timeframe is referred to as velocity in Agile. It’s a crucial statistic in Agile, and teams use it to determine how much work they can complete in a single iteration.

Agile isn’t a slam on the development strategies that emerged in the 1970s and 1980s in response to the chaotic and haphazard practices that characterized the early days of software development. In fact, the 1970s and 1990s saw the emergence of many of the core beliefs and practices of software engineering.

Only when innovation stories are prioritized at the top of the to-do list. Only during the Iteration of Innovation and Planning. During the Iteration, at a consistent time each day

Working in Agile Sprints Has Many Advantages: Working in Agile Sprints is a terrific technique to tackle challenging projects. You can ensure product quality and timely delivery by breaking down your project into smaller, more manageable jobs.

Milestones are used by agile teams to track progress and verify that their projects are on pace to meet their goals. When you employ milestones in Agile projects, your deliverables are more likely to be on time, which is why they’re such a useful feature in project management software.

Amazon has used Scrum in its work methods for a long time and has many warehouses in Australia. Since 1999, Agile principles have been used to manage the company’s personnel. Scrum was widely used in its development organization between the years of 2004 and 2009.

At Netflix, there are pockets of Agile, but applying the concept at scale is burdensome and counterintuitive to the organization’s structure.

Tesla has a big advantage over almost all other car companies. Few car companies release software upgrades for their vehicles, and if they do, it’s usually once or twice a year.

The development team should avoid utilizing the usual “human-day” evaluation approach for computing the story point and instead utilize the Fibonacci number (1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21,…) instead. It’s important to remember that the points represent a relative ratio. It makes no difference what number was utilized. It’s important to note that each digit increases the difficulty. The simplest task is to create a “1” story point, and this number should be consistent throughout all projects. The effort of a “2” narrative point is twofold that of a “1” tale point. 3 story points are three times as many as “1” story point, and so on.

SME’s and product owners, on the other hand, undertake regression testing and UAT. The user story is written by the ScrumMaster for user acceptance testing. Only one UAT in Agile is produced, and all validation tasks can be written under the product owner or SME user story.

As the product owner defines the release’s goals, which are often to improve the end-user experience and solve problems, a team creates an agile project plan. The next stage is to gather the team and discuss desirable features once this has been specified.

An information radiator is the greatest approach to visualize the progress of an agile project.

Xtraordinary Programming (XP) is an agile programming development framework that aims to provide higher-quality programming while also improving the development team’s personal satisfaction. In terms of appropriate designing approaches for programming improvement, XP is the most specific of the deft frameworks.

Increasing velocity does not make agile teams and organizations run quicker. They go quicker by putting increments into production more frequently to reduce depreciation and delay costs. Stakeholders hold the Product Owner responsible for the release of value, ROI, and the rate at which business value is produced.

Agile project management and software development is an iterative method that helps teams offer value to their clients faster and with fewer headaches. An agile team delivers work in modest, yet consumable, increments rather than putting all on a “big bang” launch.

Agile project management and software development is an iterative method that helps teams offer value to their clients faster and with fewer headaches. An agile team delivers work in modest, yet consumable, increments rather than putting all on a “big bang” launch.

The speed of Agile Methodology is one of its most significant advantages. There is less delay between paying and getting payment when the software development life cycle is shorter. As a result, the business will make more money.

Disadvantages of Agile Project Management Documentation gets diverted, making it difficult for new staff to catch up Difficult to monitor progress with different cycles Requires more time and energy because agile requires ongoing engagement and clear communication

The three components of Lean Agile Leadership are the pillars of a new mindset. SAFe Core Values, Lean-Agile Mindset, and SAFe Principles are the three dimensions of Lean Agile Leadership.

Waterfall is a structured software development technique, and it can be extremely rigid at times. Agile can be thought of as a collection of many projects. The development of software will be done as a single project. Agile development is a method of software development in which requirements are expected to change and evolve over time.

Being Agile entails working in a lightweight, highly responsive manner to ensure that your product or services are delivered in the manner that the consumer desires and at the precise time that the customer requires them. There are some rules, although they aren’t all that strict. After all, this is an Agile discussion.

“Processes and tools above individuals and interactions” is the right answer.

Agile is a software development methodology that emphasizes the need of iterating quickly and frequently to meet client needs. As a result, an agile framework can be characterized as a software-development methodology based on the Agile Manifesto’s agile mindset.

Agile is a set of principles, not a philosophy. The employment of Agile principles in the maintenance of a software system is known as Agile Operations. A project’s operation in an Agile environment will differ significantly from that of a traditional or waterfall context.

It’s exactly what it sounds like: agile product management. In an agile context, the goal is to set product strategy and create product roadmaps. It encourages enterprises to use an adaptive approach to product development and deployment so that they may respond fast to customer feedback and create products that they enjoy.

An agile retrospective allows agile development teams to reflect on their previous work and find areas for improvement. After a time-boxed period of work is completed, agile teams attend retrospective meetings (typically a sprint lasting two to four weeks).

Agile Testing is a software testing practice that adheres to the concepts of agile software development. Agile is an iterative development process that connects development with customer demands by collaborating with customers and self-organizing teams to update requirements.

Agile working entails integrating people, processes, connections and technology, as well as time and location, together to determine the most appropriate and effective approach to complete a task. It entails operating inside the task’s guidelines but without regard for the task’s boundaries (of how you achieve it).

DevOps emphasizes continuous testing and delivery, whereas the Agile process emphasizes constant change. DevOps necessitates a large team, whereas Agile necessitates a small team. DevOps makes use of both left and right shifts, whereas Agile makes use of the shift-left principle.

Any Jira project’s foundation is comprised of issues. In your project, an issue could be a story, a bug, a task, or another issue category.

A product increment allows the team to not only show their work results to their stakeholders, but also to display them and allow them to interact with the product. As a result, the team receives far more useful feedback that aids in their learning.

In an agile system, a user story is the smallest work unit. It’s a purpose, not a feature, conveyed through the eyes of the software user.

In the product backlog, a Product Backlog Item (PBI) is a single piece of work. User stories, epics, specifications, problems, and change requirements are all examples of PBIs. An Agile team’s Product Owner creates and prioritizes the product backlog, prioritizing the most urgent or important PBIs first.

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